• 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院青藏高原研究所,北京 100085;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
吴普 (1979-), 安徽全椒人, 博士研究生, 主要研究方向为全球变化。E-mail: wup@igsnrr.ac.cn

收稿日期: 2005-03-22

  修回日期: 2005-07-06

  网络出版日期: 2005-11-25


国家自然科学基金项目 (30270227); 国家自然科学基金重点项目 (90211018)

Reconstruction of Summer Temperature from Maximum Latewood Density of Pinus densata in West Sichuan

  • 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resource Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100085, China;
    3. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Scienses, Beijing 100049, China

Received date: 2005-03-22

  Revised date: 2005-07-06

  Online published: 2005-11-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.30270227; Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.90211018


川西高原高山松树轮宽度及最大密度分析结果表明,最大密度年表和宽度年表中可提取的气候信息是不同的,在温暖、水分条件适中的地区,采用树木密度指标分析气候要素的变化是有效的途径。树轮宽度主要受5月降水影响,和西南季风活动有关;而最大密度主要指示了夏季 (6~9月) 温度。利用转换函数重建了川西高原近百年来夏季 (6~9月)温度,重建序列的方差解释量为51%,(F = 52.099,p < 0.0001)。重建序列显示川西高原,30年代之前为偏冷期,30年代到60年代为偏暖期,与四川地区近百年的冷暖时期比较一致。与平原地区的成都相比,高原的升温转折点提前3年,表明高原地区对气温变化的响应更为敏感,川西高原地区可能是四川省气候变化的先兆地区。1983年以后川西高原地区夏季温度呈明显的上升趋势,20世纪90年代夏季温度的滑动平均为近百年的最大值,但在90年代初期仍处于均值线以下,表现为凉夏;90年代后半期表现为夏旱。


吴普, 王丽丽, 邵雪梅 . 采用高山松最大密度重建川西高原近百年夏季气温[J]. 地理学报, 2005 , 60(6) : 998 -1006 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200506013


Having analyzed the tree ring width and maximum latewood density of Pinus densata from west Sichuan, we obtained the different climate information from tree-ring width and maximum latewood density chronology. The growth of tree ring width was responded principally to the precipitation in May, which might be influenced by the activity of southwest monsoon, whereas the maximum latewood density reflected the summer temperature (June-September). According to the correlation relationship, a transfer function had been used to reconstruct summer temperature for the study area. The explained variance of reconstruction is 51% (F = 52.099, p < 0.0001). In the reconstruction series: before the 1930s, the climate was relatively cold, and relatively warm from 1930 to 1960, and this trend was in accord with the cold-warm period of the last 100 years, west Sichuan. Compared with Chengdu, the warming break point in west Sichuan is 3 years ahead which shows Tibetan Plateau was more sensitive to temperature change. There was an evident summer warming signal after 1983. Although the last-100 running average of summer-temperature in the 1990s was the maximum, the running average of the early 1990s is below the average line and it was cold-summer; summer-drought presented in the late 1990s.


[1] Li Chuan, Chen Jing, Zhu Yanjun. Preliminary research on climate change of west Sichuan plateau in recent fifty years. Plateau Meteorology, 2003, 22(suppl.): 128-144.
[李川, 陈静, 朱燕君. 川西高原近五十年气候变化的初步研究. 高原气象, 2003, 22(增刊): 138-144.]

[2] Fritts H C. Tree-ring and Climate. Academic Press Inc. Ltd, 1976.

[3] LaMarche. Tree-ring evidence of past climatic variability. Nature, 1978, 276(5686): 334-338.

[4] Wu Xiangding, Sun Li, Cheng Zhigang. The development of several tree ring chronology in Tibetan Plateau. China Science Bulletin, 1988, (8): 616-619.
[吴祥定, 孙力, 程志刚. 若干西藏高原上树木年轮年表的建立. 科学通报, 1988, (8): 616-619.]

[5] Zhang Qibing, Cheng Guodong, Yao Tandong et al. A 2326-year tree-ring record of climate variability on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Geophysical Research Letters, 2003, 30(14): 1739-742.

[6] Gou Xiaohua, Chen Fahu, Yang Meixue et al. Analysis of the tree-ring width chronology of Qilian Mountains at different elevations. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2004, 24(1): 172-176.
[勾晓华, 陈发虎, 杨梅学 等. 祁连中部地区树轮宽度年表特征随海拔高度的变化. 生态学报, 2004, 24(1): 172-176.]

[7] Shao Xuemei, Huang Lei, Liu Hongbin et al. Reconstruction of precipitation variation from tree rings in recent 1000 years in Delingha. Science in China (Series D), 2004, 34(2): 145-153.
[邵雪梅, 黄磊, 刘洪滨 等. 树轮记录的青海德令哈地区千年降水变化. 中国科学 (D辑), 2004, 34(2): 145-153.]

[8] Shao Xuemei, Fang Xiuqi, Liu Hongbin et al. Dating the 1000-year-old Qilian Juniper in mountains along the eastern margin of the Qaidam Basin. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2003, 58(1): 90-100.
[邵雪梅, 方修琦, 刘洪滨 等. 柴达木东缘山地千年祁连圆柏年轮定年分析. 地理学报, 2003, 58(1): 90-100.]

[9] Sun Fan, Zhong Zhangcheng. Study on the power spectrum of growth ring of Gordonia acuminate in Mt. Jinyun. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University, 1997, 19(1): 25-28.
[孙凡, 钟章成. 缙云山四川大头茶年轮生长的功率谱分析. 西南农业大学学报, 1997, 19(1): 25-28.]

[10] Sun Fan, Zhong Zhangcheng. Relationship between tree ring growth of Gordonia acuminate and climatic factors in Mt.Jinyun. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 1999, 14(2): 151-154.
[孙凡, 钟章成. 缙云山四川大头茶树木年轮生长动态与气候因子关系的研究. 应用生态学报, 1999, 14(2): 151-154.]

[11] Shao Xuemei, Fan Jinmei. Past climate on west Sichuan plateau as reconstructed from ring-widths of dragon spruce. Quaternary Sciences, 1999, (1): 81-89.
[邵雪梅, 范金梅. 树轮宽度资料所指示的川西过去气候变化. 第四纪研究, 1999, (1): 81-89.]

[12] Qian Junlong, Deng Ziwang, Tu Qipu. Climatic significance of δD time series in tree rings from Tianmu Mountain. Science in China (Series D), 2001, 31(5): 372-376.
[钱君龙, 邓自旺, 屠其璞. 天目山柳杉80年序列及其气候意义. 中国科学(D辑), 2001, 31(5): 372-376.]

[13] Chen Baojun, Qian Junlong, Pu Peimin. Relationship between ENSO and tree-ring table isotopes of Cryptomeria fortunei from Tianmu Mountain area in East China. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2002, 22(4): 53-58.
[陈宝君, 钱君龙, 濮培民. ENSO对天目山柳杉树轮同位素的影响. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2002, 22(4): 53-58.]

[14] Xing Qiuru, Liu Hongyan, Sun Yanrong et al. Response of contemporary tree ring width of Cinnamomum camphora to climate change in Yangchun, Guangdong Province. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2004, 24(9): 2076-2080.
[邢秋茹, 刘鸿雁, 孙艳荣 等. 广东阳春现代樟树树轮宽度变化及其对气候因子的响应. 生态学报, 2004, 24(9): 2076-2080.]

[15] D'Arrigo R D, Jacoby G C, Krusic P J. Progress in dendroclimatic studies in Indonesia. TAO, 1994, 15(3): 349-363.

[16] Villalba R, Grau H R, Boninsegna J A. Tree-ring evidence for long-term precipitation changes in subtropical South America. International Journal of Climatology, 1998, 18(3): 1463-1478.

[17] Worbes M. Annual growth rings, rainfall-dependent growth and long-term growth problems of tropical trees from the Caparo Forest Reserve in Venezuela. Journal of Ecology, 1999, 87(3): 391-403.

[18] Wang L, Payette S, Begin Y. A 1300-year tree-ring width and density series based on living, dead and subfossil black spruce at tree-line in Subarctic Quebec, Canada. The Holocene, 2000, 11: 333-341.

[19] Jacoby G C, D'Arrigo R D. Reconstructed northern hemisphere annual temperature since 1671 based on high-latitude tree ring data from North America. Climatic Change, 1989, 14: 39-59.

[20] Esper J. Long term tree-ring variations in Junipers at the upper timberline in the Karakorum (Pakistan). The Holocene, 2000, 10: 253-60.

[21] Briffa K R, Osborn T J, Schweingruber F H et al. Tree-ring width and density data around the Northern Hemisphere: Part 1. local and regional climate signals. The Holocene, 2002, 12(6): 737-57.

[22] Esper J, Cook E R, Schweingruber F H. Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing of past temperature variability. Science, 2002, 295: 2250-3.

[23] Esper J, Schweingruber F H, Winiger M. 1300 years of climatic history for Western Central Asia inferred from tree-rings. The Holocene, 2002, 12: 267-77.

[24] Esper J, Shiyatov S G, Mazepa V S et al. Temperature-sensitive Tien Shan tree ring chronologies show multi-centennial growth trends. Climate Dynamics, 2003, 8: 699-706.

[25] Collaboration Group of Sichuan Vegetation. Vegetation in Sichuan. Chengdu: Sichuan People's Press, 1980.
[四川植被协作组. 四川植被. 成都: 四川人民出版社, 1980.]

[26] Zheng Wanjun. Sylva Sinica. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 1983. 289.
[郑万钧. 中国树木志, 1. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 1983. 289.]

[27] Ye Duzheng. The season change of the influence on Tibetan Plateau to the atmosphere circumfluence. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 1952, 23(1-2): 33-47.
[叶笃正. 西藏高原对大气环流影响的季节变化. 气象学报, 1952, 23(1-2): 33-47.]

[28] Grission-mayer H D. Evaluating crossdating accuracy: a manual and tutorial for the computer program cofecha. Tree-ring Research, 2001, 57(2): 205-221.

[29] Cook E R, Kairiukstis L A. Methods of Dendrochronology. Kluwer academic publishers, 1989: 125.

[30] D'Arrigo R D, Cook E R, Jacoby G C. Annual to decadal-scale variations in northwest Atlantic sector temperature inferred from Labrador tree-ring. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 1996, 26: 143-148.

[31] Lin Xuechun, Yu Shuqiu, Tang Guoli. Series of average air temperature over China for the last 100-year period. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica, 1995, 19(5): 525-534.
[林学春, 于淑秋, 唐国利. 中国近百年温度序列. 大气科学, 1995, 19(5): 525-534.]

[32] Chen Wenxiu, Hao Kejun, Tian Hong. Multiple time scale analyses of surface temperature variations in Sichuan during last 100 years. Journal of Chengdu Institute of Meteorology, 1999, 14(1): 78-82.
[陈文秀, 郝克俊, 田宏. 近100年四川气温变化的多时间尺度分析. 成都气象学院学报, 1999, 14(1): 78-82.]

[33] Fu Congbin, Wang Qiang. The conception and detection methods of abrupt climate change. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 1992, 6(4): 482-493.
[符淙斌, 王强. 气候突变的定义和检测方法. 大气科学, 1992, 6(4): 482-493.]

[34] Yu Kaiju. The wavelet characteristics of near-50 year precipitation in Jingdezhen. Jiangxi Meteorological Science & Technology, 2004, 27(1): 23-25.
[俞开炬. 景德镇市近50年降水的小波变化特征. 江西气象科技, 2004, 27(1): 23-25.]

[35] Li Guoping, He Wenbin. Analyses of climatic fluctuation in the past 50 years and forecast of change trend in future in Sichuan. Journal of Chengdu Institute of Meteorology, 1999, 9(3): 72-78.
[李国平, 贺文彬. 四川50年来气候变化分析及未来趋势预测. 成都气象学院学报, 1999, 9(3): 72-78.]

[36] Yang Fu'an, Xu Yujiang, Chen Xiaomeng. Characteristic analysis of precipitation and drought or excessive rain in Sichuan Province near 50 years and forecast for the coming 10 years. Sichuan Meteorology, 1994, (2): 28-31.
[杨福安, 徐渝江, 陈效孟. 四川近五十年降水、旱涝特征分析及未来十年趋势预测. 四川气象, 1994, (2): 28-31.]

[37] Fritts H C. Tree Rings and Climate. New York: Academic Press, 1976. 228-236.

[38] LaMarche Jr V C. Frequency-dependent relationships between tree-ring series along an ecological gradient and some dendrochronological implications. Tree-Ring Bulletin, 1974, 34: 1-20.

[39] Schweingruber, Fritts H C. Tree Rings. Dreidel Publishing Company, 1988.

[40] Anatova F A, Stasova V V. Effects of environmental factors on wood formation in Scots pine stems. Trees, 1993, 7(4): 214-219.

[41] Vaganov E A. Analysis of seasonal tree-ring formation and modeling in dendrochronology. In: J D Dean, D M Meko, T W Swetnam (eds.), Tree Rings, Environment and Humanity, Radiocarbon, 1996. 73-87.