地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (8): 1576-1589.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201908007

• 人口与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄淮海地区乡村人—地—业协调发展格局与机制

程明洋1,刘彦随1,2,3,蒋宁1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
    2. 中国科学院精准扶贫评估研究中心,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-09 修回日期:2019-03-30 出版日期:2019-08-25 发布日期:2019-08-07
  • 作者简介:程明洋(1988-), 男, 河南社旗人, 博士生, 主要从事土地利用与城乡发展研究。E-mail: <email>201731190023@mail.bnu.edu.cn</email>
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDA021);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130748)

Study on the spatial pattern and mechanism of rural population-land-industry coordinating development in Huang-Huai-Hai Area

CHENG Mingyang1,LIU Yansui1,2,3,JIANG Ning1   

  1. 1. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Center for Assessment and Research on Targeted Poverty Alleviation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-03-09 Revised:2019-03-30 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-08-07
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(15ZDA021);Key Progrom of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41130748)

摘要:

乡村在社会中占有重要地位,但乡村衰败目前已成为世界性问题,因此,乡村振兴需破解乡村病问题。现有乡村研究主要关注乡村单一系统、乡村转型或乡村特定问题的研究,对乡村系统自身、乡村各子系统之间关系及其驱动乡村发展逻辑的研究则显匮乏。基于黄淮海地区县域数据,选取乡村人—地—业3个子系统,利用耦合协调度模型刻画了乡村内部系统耦合协调度的空间格局,并对人—地—业驱动乡村发展的内在逻辑进行了探讨。结果发现:① 黄淮海地区大部分县域乡村人—地—业发展处于高水平耦合阶段,在空间格局上形成了4条明显的高值轴带,且乡村系统发展水平呈逐年上升趋势。② 黄淮海地区乡村耦合协调水平整体较高,但大部分处于勉强协调或初级协调阶段,耦合协调水平较高的县域主要集中在经济较发达地区。③ 黄淮海地区乡村耦合协同关系可分为低协调水平—土地发展领先型、中协调水平—人口发展领先型和高协调水平—人业发展引领型3种类型,其中产业在黄淮海地区乡村协调发展中至关重要。④ 乡村人—地—业的协调发展可有效激活“四力”,为乡村可持续发展奠定了基础。本研究为理解乡村系统自身、破解乡村问题及实现乡村可持续发展提供了参考。

关键词: 乡村, 乡村病, 协调发展, 居业分离, 乡村振兴, 黄淮海地区

Abstract:

The decline of countryside has become a worldwide problem nowadays, which is why cracking rural diseases is the key to revitalize the countryside. Existing rural researches mainly focus on one single system, rural transformation or specific issues, but there are few studies on the rural system and its subsystems, and the internal driving logic of rural development. Based on data of counties in the Huang-Huai-Hai Area, this study characterized the spatial pattern of the coupling coordination degree through rural inner systems, which include 3 subsystems of population, land and industry. Furthermore, it discussed the internal driving logic of rural development driven by population-land-industry. The results show that: (1) The rural population-land-industry development in most counties in the Huang-Huai-Hai Area is at a high-level coupling stage, and there are 4 obvious high-value axes in the spatial pattern. Meanwhile, the development level of the rural system is increasing year by year. (2) The coupling coordination level is relatively high in rural areas of the plain, but most parts are in the stage of reluctant or primary coordination. Counties with high-level coupling coordination are centrally distributed in economically developed areas. (3) The rural coupling-coordination relationships in the study region can be divided into 3 types: low coordination level-land development leading, middle coordination level-population development leading, high coordination level-population-industry development leading. The industry is of vital importance in the coordinated development of rural areas in the Huang-Huai-Hai Area. (4) The coordinated development of rural population-land-industry can effectively activate the "four forces" and lay the foundation for sustainable development in rural areas. This study provides a guidance for understanding rural system, solving the rural diseases and realizing the sustainable development in rural areas.

Key words: countryside, rural diseases, coordinated development, housing-industry separation, rural revitalization, Huang-Huai-Hai Area