地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (8): 1548-1562.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201908005

• 城市与产业发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城镇化进程中新区的空间生产及其演化逻辑

庄良1,叶超1,马卫2,赵彪3,胡森林3   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学地理科学学院,上海 200241
    2. 陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院,西安 710062
    3. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-28 修回日期:2019-05-08 出版日期:2019-08-25 发布日期:2019-08-07
  • 作者简介:庄良(1989-), 男, 江苏盐城人, 博士生, 主要从事城镇化与空间生产、城市管理与行政区划、区域发展研究。E-mail: zhuangliangboy@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571138);国家自然科学基金项目(41871143)

Production of space and developmental logic of New Urban Districts in China

ZHUANG Liang1,YE Chao1,MA Wei2,ZHAO Biao3,HU Senlin3   

  1. 1. School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2. College of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
    3. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2018-05-28 Revised:2019-05-08 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-08-07
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571138);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871143)

摘要:

城市新区是城镇化和经济发展的重要空间载体。改革开放后,新区在区域发展中发挥着重要作用,近些年则呈现爆发式增长,具有典型的空间生产特征。从空间的生产理论视角切入,聚焦中国城镇化过程中极具代表性的空间组织形式——新区的时空演化,发现新区的设立与发展是一个快速的三元辩证的空间生产过程:新区的“空间的表征”主要由自上而下的政府权力意志主导,“空间的实践”集中体现为类型与格局、距离与面积等空间要素的规模等级差异和区域分异,“表征的空间”则体现为政府权力与城市权利之间的紧张关系与策应机制。新区的空间生产与再生产具有时空序列下的统一性和连续性,但政府主导的空间组织模式也面临着行政区管理协调难度大和区域发展不平衡加剧等一系列挑战。批判地反思新区发展路径是新时代实现区域平衡充分发展与新型城镇化战略的基础和关键。

关键词: 新区, 城镇化, 空间的生产, 三元辩证, 行政区划, 可持续发展

Abstract:

New Urban Districts (NUDs) are the important spatial carriers of urbanization. Since the reform and opening up in China, NUD has been playing a more and more crucial role in the process of urbanization, and has undergone a surging growth in recent years. NUDs in China are unique because of the most widespread 'building city' movement. Many researches focus on new districts or new towns in the broad sense, but little research has been done in a narrow sense in academia. The development of comprehensive NUDs will be of great significance to the sustainable transformation of China's cities in the future. Based on the critical theory of spatial production, this paper examines the spatiotemporal evolution and internal logic of NUDs. The establishment and development of NUDs is a rapid and trinity dialectical process of spatial production: representations of space is guided by the top-down governmental power; spatial practice is reflected in the hierarchical and regional difference of spatial elements, such as type, pattern, distance and area of NUDs; spaces of representation are the tensions between governmental power and urban development rights, as well as the countermeasure mechanism. In this trinity dialectical process, the extensibility of spatiotemporal sequences ensures the unity and continuity of spatial production or reproduction of NUDs. However, under the governmentoriented model, NUDs are also facing a series of challenges like the management coordination of administrative area and the increasing unbalanced regional development. Thus, it is time to keep a critical thinking and reinterpretation for the development of NUDs in China, which should be a key concern to achieve balanced regional development and new-type urbanization in the new era.

Key words: new town/district, urbanization, production of space, ternary dialectic, administrative division, sustainable development