地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (6): 1224-1235.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201906011

• 交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

大连至北冰洋季克西港陆河联运路线的可行性研究

戴长雷1,2,3,张晓红1,3,4,于淼1,2,3,张三4,李四5   

  1. 1. 黑龙江大学寒区地下水研究所,哈尔滨 150080
    2. 黑龙江大学水利电力学院,哈尔滨 150080
    3. 黑龙江大学中俄寒区水文和水利工程联合实验室,哈尔滨 150080
    4. 俄罗斯东北联邦大学自然科学学院,俄罗斯 雅库茨克 677000
    5. 俄罗斯东北联邦大学东方学院,俄罗斯 雅库茨克 677000
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-06 修回日期:2019-05-11 出版日期:2019-06-25 发布日期:2019-06-20
  • 作者简介:戴长雷(1978-), 男, 山东郓城人, 博士, 教授, 主要从事寒区地下水及国际河流方向的研究。E-mail: daichanglei@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    中华人民共和国国家外国专家局2018年出国(境)培训项目(P182011036);国家自然科学基金项目(41202171);黑龙江大学研究生学术交流项目

Feasibility study on land-river combined transport between Dalian and Tiksi

DAI Changlei1,2,3,ZHANG Xiaohong1,3,4,YU Miao1,2,3,A. N. NIKOLAEV4,N. R. MAXIMOV5   

  1. 1. Institute of Groundwater in Cold Region, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    2. School of Hydraulic & Electric-power, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China;
    3. China and Russian Cold Region Hydrology and Water Conservancy Engineering Joint Laboratory, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    4. Institute of Natural Science, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk 677000, Russia
    5. Institute of East, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk 677000, Russia
  • Received:2018-07-06 Revised:2019-05-11 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-06-20
  • Supported by:
    State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs P.R. China in 2018 to Go Abroad (Habitat) Training Program(P182011036);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41202171);Heilongjiang University Postgraduate Academic Exchange Program

摘要:

依托“冰上丝绸之路”大背景,综合分析陆河联运路线的最新研究成果,提出纵向联通中国东北和俄罗斯西伯利亚地区两条经济带的路线,即大连到北冰洋季克西港陆河联运路线(简称陆河联运路线)。陆河联运沿线的主要城市包括:大连—哈尔滨—黑河—布拉戈维申斯克(海兰泡)—涅留恩格里—雅库茨克—季克西港。陆河联运路线的陆运段主要是中国大连市到俄罗斯雅库茨克市的铁路,河运段是俄罗斯雅库茨克市到季克西港的勒拿河下游水运航道。陆河联运路线的陆运段各城市节点拥有相对成熟的交通体系、设备完善的交通站点和较好的经济发展前景;河运段每年至少可以通航3个月(7-9月),且在勒拿河中下游河段可通航3000 t以上的船舶。中俄东北亚陆河联运路线在7-9月具备运输距离和时间短等特点。

关键词: 冰上丝绸之路, 大连, 雅库茨克, 季克西, 陆河联运, 勒拿河

Abstract:

Under the macroscopical background of "Polar Silk Route", the paper puts forward the land and river intermodal transport route from Dalian to Tiksi Port of the Arctic Ocean (hereinafter referred as land and river intermodal transport route). The land and river intermodal transport route is a line available, which vertically connects the two economic belts between the northeast of China and the Siberia of Russia. Through the comprehensive analysis of the latest researches upon river and land intermodal transport route, which are carried out by Heilongjiang University, Melnikov Permafrost Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences and North-Eastern Federal University. Among them, the river transport section is the waterway from Russian Yakutsk City to Lena River of Tiksi Port; the land transport section runs through China and Russia and the central part of Northeast Asia, mainly including the railway and highway transport from Dalian to Yakutsk. And the main cities along the river and land intermodal transport route contain: China Dalian-Harbin-Heihe-Russian Blagoveshchensk (Hailanpao)-Neryungri-Yakutsk-Tiksi Port. Every node of land transport section has mature transportation systems, transit nodes with complete facilities and great economic development prospects. From July to September, Lena River has at least 3 months suitable for shipment and allows ship navigation with a weight of over 3000 tons. In summer, the Sino-Russia Northeast Asia land and river intermodal transport route has advantages of both short transportation distance and time. Along the route, there are abundant mineral resources. When the economy along the route gets improved, the trades between Asia and Europe can be connected and enhanced.

Key words: Polar Silk Road, Dalian, Yakutsk, Tiksi, land and river intermodal transport, Lena River