地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (3): 301-312.doi: 10.11821/xb201003005

• 气候变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国亚热带地区柑桔气候风险评估

段海来1, 2, 千怀遂1, 杜尧东2   

  1. 1. 广州大学地理科学学院, 广州510006;
    2. 广东省气候中心,广州510080
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-07 修回日期:2010-01-22 出版日期:2010-03-30 发布日期:2010-07-24
  • 通讯作者: 千怀遂, 男, 教授,博士生导师。E-mail: hsqian1956@163.com
  • 作者简介:段海来(1982-), 男, 湖南武冈人, 硕士, 主要从事资源开发与利用、气候变化等方面的研究。E-mail: duanhailai520@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助(40771033)

Assessing the Climate Risk to Citrus in Subtropics of China

DUAN Hai-lai1, 2, QIAN Huai-sui1, DU Yao-dong2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
    2. Climate Center of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 510080, China
  • Received:2009-12-07 Revised:2010-01-22 Online:2010-03-30 Published:2010-07-24
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China, No.40771033

摘要:

综合考虑柑桔气候适宜性水平及其变率变化,构建柑桔的风险度模型,运用滑动建模技术对中国亚热带地区柑桔的气候风险性进行动态分析与评估。根据风险分布强度将中国亚热带地区柑桔温度、降水、日照和气候风险大致分为三类型:低风险型、中风险型和高风险型。温度风险度大致呈纬度地带性分布,除西部高山区外,由低纬向高纬风险度依次增高;降水风险度呈现亚热带中部低,北部和西部高;与降水风险度相反,日照风险度在亚热带中部高,北部和西部低;气候风险度受温度变化的主导,也大致呈现纬度地带性,呈现高纬和西部高海拔区高,低纬和东部沿海区低。柑桔气候风险在时间和空间变化上都存在着差异,近46 年来,中国亚热带地区柑桔气候风险度有逐渐增加的趋势,尤其以20 世纪80 年代初以来增加的最快;由于全球气候变暖的影响,亚热带东部和南部风险较低的区域分布有逐渐减少的趋势,而北部和西部风险高的区域分布有进一步增大并向东部和南部扩展的可能。从中国亚热带地区柑桔减产率大于10%、20%、30%的气候风险度分布区域变动过程来看,柑桔各减产率的气候风险度分布具有很明显的区域性和连续性,大体上由东南向西北呈增高趋势。

关键词: 气候风险度, 气候变化, 气候风险动态评估模型, 气候适宜度模型, 柑桔, 中国亚热带

Abstract:

Based on the citrus temperature, precipitation, sunlight and climate risk degree, the article divides subtropics of China into three types: the low risk region, the medium risk region and the high risk region. The citrus temperature risk increases with increasing latitude (except for west mountainous area of subtropics of China). The citrus precipitation risk in the central part of subtropics of China is higher than that in the northern and western parts. The distributions of citrus sunlight risk are not consistent to those of the citrus precipitation risk. The citrus climate risk is mainly influenced by temperature. There is latitudinal zonal law for the distribution of the climate risk, that is, the climate risk increases with increasing latitude. At the same time the climate risk in mountainous area is high and that in eastern plain area is low. There are differences in the temporal and spatial changes of the citrus climate. In recent 46 years, the citrus climate risk presents a gradual increasing trend in subtropics of China, especially it has been increasing fast since the 1980s. Because of the global warming, the low risk region in the eastern and southern parts has a gradual decreasing trend, however, the high risk region in the northern and western parts has an increasing trend and the high risk region has been extending eastward and southward. The article analyses the distribution of the citrus climate risk degree of reduction rates of >10%, >20% and >30% in subtropics of China, and studies their changes in different time periods. Results show that the risk is increasing from southeast to northwest.

Key words: climate risk degree, climate change, climate risk dynamic assessment model, climate suitability model, citrus, subtropics of China