地理学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (s1): 52-61.doi: 10.11821/xb1997S1006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球化、经济转型和香港城市形态的转化

李思名   

  1. 香港浸会大学地理系教授,香港
  • 出版日期:1997-12-15 发布日期:1997-12-15

GLOBALIZATION, ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING AND HONG KONG’S CHANGING URBAN FORM

Li Siming   

  1. Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist Univrsity,Hong Kong
  • Online:1997-12-15 Published:1997-12-15

摘要: 自70年代开始,世界经济趋向全球化,导致全世界范围的生产力空间分布的急剧重组,并促进“世界城市”的形成。作为资本主义世界的一环,香港的经济也受到极大的冲击;与此同时,中国本身的的改革开放加速了香港地区的经济转型。促使香港由一个制造中心,晋升成世界城市。这个转型过程,反映在香港的城市形态。这包括商业中心区职能的加强和商业中心区的扩大,原工业区的重构,以及整个城市社会地理的再分化等方面。“双城现象”为当政者必须考虑的不稳定因素。

关键词: 全球化, 经济转型, 世界城市, 城市形态

Abstract: The globalization of the world’ s economy, which has gathered momentum since the late seventies, has resulted in spatial restructuring of productive forces on the world scale. This has also led to the emergence of world cities. As a part of the capitalist world economy, this pro-cess of globalization has had immense impacts on Hong Kong’s economy. The opening of Chi-na has further accelerated this restructuring process. Hong Kong has rapidly transformed itself from a centre of light manufacturing to a world city. There have been corresponding changes in Hong Kong’ s urban form. These include the strengthening of central business district (CBD) functions and the expansion of the CBD, the restructuring of the former industrial ar-eas , and the changing form of social differentiation over space. A consequence of this develop-ment is the "dual city" phenomenon which presents a potential destablizing factor for the fu-ture Special Administrative Region government.

Key words: globalization, economic restructuring, world city, urban form

中图分类号: 

  • F291