地理学报 ›› 1992, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (5): 441-450.doi: 10.11821/xb199205007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城乡劳动力的转移与城市化

孟晓晨   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京 100871
  • 出版日期:1992-09-15 发布日期:1992-09-15
  • 基金资助:

ON THE MECHANISM OF URBANIZATION

Meng Xiaochen   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Online:1992-09-15 Published:1992-09-15

摘要: 本文从城市化基本定义出发,探讨了劳动力在农村与城市两大经济载体之间流动的机制,指出农业容纳力与排斥力、城市吸引力与吸收力是劳动力流动的决定因素,并在对四个因素进行相互关系分析的基础上,阐明了均衡与非均衡条件下劳动力转移的不同途径。

关键词: 城市化, 容纳力, 排斥力, 吸引力, 吸收力, 数量约束, 质量约束

Abstract: Defining the urbanization as the process of labour force transferring from traditional industry to modern industry as well as moving from rural area to urban area, the author sug-gested that urbanization could be realized through three channels.

Key words: Urbanization, Capacity, Absorbency, Excluding force, Attracting force, Quantitative restrain, Qualitative restrain