地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (6): 1068-1075.doi: 10.11821/xb200406031

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市化快速发展的动力机制

陈波翀1, 郝寿义1, 杨兴宪2   

  1. 1. 南开大学中国城市与区域经济研究中心,天津 300071;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2004-05-15 修回日期:2004-07-15 出版日期:2004-11-25 发布日期:2004-11-25
  • 作者简介:陈波翀 (1981-), 男, 四川邛崃人, 硕士生, 主要研究方向为城市与区域经济、区域规划。 E-mail: cbc1106@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    建设部2003年重点科技项目计划 (建设科技03-1-001)

The Dynamic Mechanism of the Rapid Development of Urbanization in China

CHEN Bochong1, HAO Shouyi1, YANG Xingxian2   

  1. 1. Research Center for China Urban and Regional Economy, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2004-05-15 Revised:2004-07-15 Online:2004-11-25 Published:2004-11-25
  • Supported by:

    Key Science Project of the Ministry of Construction, 2003 (construction science, 03-1-001)

摘要:

中国的城市化快速发展始于1996年,经济全球化和经济转型是其基本特征。集聚和扩散是流的两种基本运动形态,属于城市化动力的核心表现形态。作者建立了不确定条件下农村剩余劳动力的城市化决策模型,解释了政府主导条件下、改革开放以来和城市化快速发展阶段城市化速度的差异,认为城市化快速发展是政府和市场共同作用的结果。在对传统工业化与城市化之间数量关系进行计量分析的基础上,提出了城市化快速发展主要由第三产业推动的观点。根据工业制成品的进出口差额,粗略估计了封闭条件下中国的工业产值,并计算了国际贸易对城市化水平的贡献程度。研究表明,继续推进市场化改革和扩大对外开放,将有助于中国城市化的快速发展。

关键词: 城市化, 经济转型, 经济全球化, 中国

Abstract:

The rapid development of urbanization in China started in 1996 with two basic characteristics: the economic globalization and the transformation of economy. In the author's opinion, accumulation and diffusion are the two fundamental dynamic forms of the flow and the essential manifestation of the dynamics of urbanization. The author, by establishing an urbanization policy model of rural surplus labor force under indefinite situations, tries to explain the differences of the speed of urbanization between the period after the adoption of reform and open-up policy and the period of rapid development of urbanization, and comes to the conclusion that the latter period is the natural result of the combined force of the government and the market. Moreover, by making a metrological analysis on the numerical relationship between traditional industrialization and urbanization, the author promotes the opinion that the rapid development of urbanization is mainly stimulated by the tertiary industry. Then the author roughly estimates the industrial output value according to the import and export margin of industrial products and calculates the contribution of international trade to the development of urbanization.

Key words: urbanization, transformation of economy, economic globalization, China