地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (7s): 153-161.doi: 10.11821/xb20047s021

• 人文地理研究进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

西方经济地理学新进展及其启示

李小建1,2,3, 苗长虹1,2   

  1. 1.  河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心,开封 475001;
    2.  河南大学环境与规划学院,开封 475001;
    3.  河南财经学院区域与城市研究所,郑州 450002
  • 收稿日期:2003-12-12 修回日期:2004-08-01 出版日期:2004-12-25 发布日期:2004-12-25
  • 作者简介:李小建 (1954 -), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事经济地理学研究。E-mail: xjli@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40271038, 40071029)

Recent Developments in Western Economic Geographies and Theoretical Thinking for China's Counterpart

LI Xiaojian1,2,3, MIAO Changhong1,2   

  1. 1. Research Center for Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China;
    3. Henan University of Finance & Economics, Zhengzhou 450002, China
  • Received:2003-12-12 Revised:2004-08-01 Online:2004-12-25 Published:2004-12-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40271038; No.40071029

摘要:

从地理学家的制度、文化、关系和尺度转向及主流经济学家的“新经济地理学”诸方面,评述了西方经济地理学近年的研究进展,指出这两支脉络交互学习有利于经济地理学的发展。为发展中国特色经济地理学,应科学借鉴西方经验,注重在研究中分析和提炼理论问题,不断引进相关学科理论,合理使用模型和计量方法,加强微观视角和政治经济研究;在此基础上,应重视中国经济地理学的发展背景,科学看待已有研究特点,发掘特殊的思维方法。中国国情下的独特问题的研究,比如经济发展空间格局的理论研究,区域文化与经济关系研究,区域人口、资源、环境与经济协调发展研究等,对于推出受国际学术界关注的成果,具有十分重要意义。

关键词: 西方经济地理学, 新经济地理学, 中国特色经济地理学

Abstract:

Under the logic of the institutional, cultural, relational, and scalar turns, geographers' contribution to recent developments of Western economic geographies was reviewed. This is balanced by an equal examination on "new economic geography" defined by the mainstream economists in Western countries. The paper holds a view that the two schools, multiple turns and economist's new economic geography, should gain mutual benefits from close dialogues and idea exchanges. In a developing country such as China, the development of economic geography should differ from Western world, due to its different economic development path as well as different background for the academic discipline of economic geography. This does not prevent China's geographers from learning from their counterparts in Western countries. Obviously, it is suggested that China's geographers should enhance identifying and focusing on theoretical problems in research, introducing theories from the relevant disciplines, utilizing mathematics and modeling techniques, and studying in micro scales and micro perspectives. More importantly, the special even unique characteristics in background of Chinese economic geography provide geographers with valuable opportunities. (1) As a fast growth country with great regional disparity, China is confronting a challenge in the balance between economic development and problems in resource exploitation and environment degradation. (2) Geography in China has been strongly biased to natural sciences and economic geographers have been trained with rich knowledge in physical geography, geology, environment science, and biology. (3) The traditional culture particularly Confucius philosophy that emphasizes harmony in personal relation of society and in human-land relation, continuously influences geographers' thinking in research. Under this background, geographers may find many interesting topics that have potentials in producing internationally recognized outcomes. Among them, four appear particularly significant: (1) theoretical construction in spatial structure of economic development, including the issues on uneven regional development, and evolution of fast growth poles or areas; (2) relationship between regional culture and economic development, particularly local cluster and culture under fast rural industrialization in some provinces; (3) relationship between urbanization and industrialization, such as the lag of urbanization as compared with international general situation; and (4) balance of economic development with population growth, resource utilization and environmental protection.

Key words: Western economic geography, new economic geography, economic geography, China