地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (7s): 109-115.doi: 10.11821/xb20047s015

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

振兴东北老工业基地的新型城市化战略

张平宇, 马延吉, 刘文新, 陈群元   

  1. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,长春 130012
  • 收稿日期:2004-04-06 修回日期:2004-06-20 出版日期:2004-12-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:张平宇 (1966-), 男, 吉林柳河县人, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail:zhangpy@mail.neigae.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目 (KZCX2-SW-320)

New Urbanization Strategy for Revitalizing the Tradianal Industrial Base of Northeast China

ZHANG Pingyu, MA Yanji, LIU Wenxin, CHEN Qunyuan   

  1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2004-04-06 Revised:2004-06-20 Online:2004-12-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, No.KZCX2-SW-320

摘要:

依据东北地区城市化现状特点、问题、趋势和城市化相关理论,提出振兴东北老工业基地要采取与新型工业化战略相适应的新型城市化战略。该战略的总体目标是把东北老工业基地建设成现代化的人居环境系统,构建“三圈一带”为主的空间骨架。从资源型城市经济转型、大城市老工业区改造、大都市圈产业集聚与空间重组、乡村城镇化、城市信息化和城市生态环境整治与人居环境建设6个方面论述了新型城市化的战略重点及其对策。

关键词: 老工业基地, 城市化, 战略, 东北地区

Abstract:

Northeast China is a typical old industrial area with high urbanization level in China. There are 90 cities in 2000, and urbanization level is 46.55%, which is around 10 percent higher than the average level of the whole country. However, since 1978, the area has experienced a tough reconstruction process. Regional development lagged behind in respect to southeast coastal area, and the rate of urbanization slowed down, urbanization quality was low. Due to the decline of traditional industries, regional urbanization was encountered with all problems such as state owned enterprises reform, unemployment and laid-off workers, transformation of the resources-exhausted cities, and eco-environmental quality degradation etc., hence to quicken the pace of urbanization and improve urbanization quality becomes a key way in revitalizing the old industrial base. According to the current situation, regional urbanization tendency, characteristics of the declining area, and related urban regeneration theories, the authors put forward a new urbanization strategy for the old industrial base. The overall object is to reconstruct Northeast China into a modern settlement system with prosperous economy, advanced cultural society, beautiful physical environment, clear urban function, reasonable distribution and coordinating structure of different sized cities. The general layout is to establish 4 megalopolises centered by Dalian, Shenyang, Changchun and Harbin, which have the potential to form a huge megalopolis along the key traffic axis from Harbin to Dalian. There are 6 key aspects for carrying out the new urbanization strategy, which are transforming economic structure of the resources exploiting city, regenerating the old industrial zone inside big city, improving industrial agglomeration and reorganizing industries among the megalopolises, rural urbanization, accelerating urban informationization, renovating urban environment and renewing urban ecology. The authors give an in-depth analysis on the existing problems in relation to the above aspects and bring forward main countermeasures.

Key words: old industrial base, urbanization, strategy, Northeast China