地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (12): 1277-1288.doi: 10.11821/xb200812005

• 产业发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

1980-2003 年广东省外商投资的时空变化分析

许志桦1, 叶嘉安2   

  1. 1. 香港一国两制研究中心, 香港;
    2. 香港大学城市研究及城市规划中心, 香港
  • 收稿日期:2007-11-28 修回日期:2008-09-03 出版日期:2008-12-25 发布日期:2008-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 叶嘉安, 男, 教授, 中国科学院院士, 主要从事土地利用规划、市区重建、新城镇建设、地理信息系统以及 香港及中国内地的城市规划与发展研究。E-mail: Anthony.Yeh@hku.hk
  • 作者简介:许志桦, 女, 博士生, 主要从事广东外商投资的区域分布与发展状况、以及粤港两地的经济合作与互动研究。 E-mail: xzhua2000@yahoo.com

Temporal and Spatial Pattern of Foreign Investment in Guangdong Province (1980-2003)

XU Zhihua1, Anthony G.O. YEH2   

  1. 1. One Country Two Systems Research Institute, Hong Kong, China;
    2. Centre of Urban Studies and Urban Planning, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • Received:2007-11-28 Revised:2008-09-03 Online:2008-12-25 Published:2008-12-25

摘要:

广东省外资分布的地域差异是导致省内区域发展不平衡的重要因素之一。本文主要分 析改革开放20 多年来广东省外商投资的总体时空扩散模式, 并探讨不同来源地的外资在不同 时期的分布与扩散情况及各自投资动因的变化。研究表明, 广东省外商投资的时空模式不断 演变, 经历了由外资增长极向外扩散的过程﹔随着省内投资环境日趋成熟, 政策因素对外商 投资的吸引力减弱, 而区域经济发展水平与区域市场规模是吸引外资最重要的因素; 不同来 源地的外资的时空扩散模式与动因皆有一定的差异。最后, 对广东省改善投资环境与利用外 资工作提出了建议。

关键词: 动因分析, 广东省, 外商投资, 时空扩散模式

Abstract:

Distribution of foreign investment in Guangdong Province has been one of the main reasons for the regional disparity in the province. This article aims to find out the temporal and spatial pattern and determinants of foreign investment in Guangdong in the past over 20 years since China's adoption of reform and opening up policy. The distribution and diffusion of foreign investment in Guangdong, and differences in the temporal and spatial pattern and determinants of foreign investment from different origins are examined. The study shows that the tempora1 and spatia1 pattern of foreign investment in Guangdong has been continuously evolving. Foreign investment in Guangdong has undergone diffusion from the growth pole to the surrounding areas. As the investment environment in Guangdong has become more mature, the attraction of favorable policy to foreign investment has gradually decreased, while the factors of regional economic development level and regional market scale have become the most important dynamics of the location of foreign investment. The temporal and spatial pattern and dynamics of foreign investment from different origins differ greatly. Finally, suggestions are made regarding the improvement of investment environment and the utilization of foreign investment in Guangdong.

Key words: Guangdong Province, foreign investment, temporal and spatial pattern, dynamics