地理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (11): 1547-1555.doi: 10.11821/xb201211011

• 生态与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

丹江中游典型小流域土壤总氮的空间分布

徐国策1, 李占斌1,2, 李鹏2, 黄萍萍2, 龙菲菲2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西杨凌712100;
    2. 西安理工大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室, 西安710048
  • 收稿日期:2012-07-29 修回日期:2012-09-05 出版日期:2012-11-20 发布日期:2013-01-07
  • 通讯作者: 李占斌(1962-),男,河南南阳人,工学博士,研究员,主要从事土壤侵蚀与水土保持方面的研究。E-mail:zbli@ms.iswc.ac.cn E-mail:zbli@ms.iswc.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:徐国策(1985-),男,河南洛阳人,在读博士,主要从事非点源污染及土壤侵蚀与水土保持等方面的研究。E-mail:xuguoce_x@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41071182 和41271290);国家科技支撑计划课题(2011BAD31B01);陕西省自然科学基金(2011JE008)

Spatial Distribution of Soil Total Nitrogen in a Typical Watershed of the Middle Danjiang River

XU Guoce1, LI Zhanbin1,2, LI Peng2, HUANG Pingping2, LONG Feifei2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dry-land Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, CAS and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resources and Environment Ecology of MOE, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an 710048, China
  • Received:2012-07-29 Revised:2012-09-05 Online:2012-11-20 Published:2013-01-07
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41071182 and No. 41271290; National Science and Technology Support Program, No. 2011BAD31B01; Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province, No. 2011JE008

摘要: 在丹江鹦鹉沟小流域, 利用网格状取样和典型样地取样相结合的方法, 进行土样采集, 共计采样点268 个, 测定土壤0~40 cm的总氮含量。应用传统统计学和地统计学的方法, 对不同深度下土壤总氮含量进行分析。结果表明:土壤总氮含量随土壤深度的增加而降低, 不同土层间土壤总氮含量存在显著差异(P < 0.01), 0~10 cm (A1)、10~20 cm (A2) 和20~40cm (A3) 土壤总氮含量平均值分别为0.85、0.47 和0.30 g/kg。3 个土层下, 总氮的最优模型均为线性模型, 具有中等空间相关性。经Kriging 插值分析, 不同土层下土壤总氮的空间分布呈带状格局。ANOVA 分析表明A1 和A2 层不同土地利用下土壤总氮含量存在显著差异(P <0.05), 不同土层下土壤总氮在不同坡度均存在显著差异(P < 0.05)。农地不同土层下土壤总氮含量与海拔、坡度和坡向均呈显著相关性(P < 0.01)。研究区0~40 cm土壤总氮储量为562.37t, 不同土地利用下0~40 cm 每平方米土壤总氮含量表现为林地>农地>草地, 分别为0.343、0.299 和0.289 kg/m2

关键词: 土壤总氮, 地形, 土地利用, 丹江流域

Abstract: Field sampling was carried out based on a 100 m × 100 m grid system and typical spot samples. A total of 268 sites were sampled in Yingwugou watershed. The samples were collected in three soil layers at a depth of 0-40 cm. Both traditional and geostatistical methods were applied to analyze total nitrogen in the three different soil depths. The results indicated that the total nitrogen content in the soil profile decreased with the increase of soil depth, and there were significant differences among the three soil layers (P < 0.01). The mean total nitrogen contents in 0-10 m (A1), 10-20 m (A2) and 20-40 cm (A3) were 0.85, 0.47 and 0.30 g/kg, respectively. The best fitted models in the three soil layers were all linear models indicating moderate spatial dependence. The Kriging interpolation showed that the spatial distribution of soil total nitrogen content in different soil layers exhibited ribbon-shaped patterns. The ANOVA showed that the spatial variations of the total nitrogen content for different land use types in A1 and A2 were significant (P < 0.05). The impact of slope on soil total nitrogen content in the three soil depths was significant (P < 0.05). There were significant correlations between the total nitrogen content and elevation, slope and aspect in different soil layers of cropland (P < 0.01). The soil total nitrogen storage in the study are at 0-40 cm was 562.37 t. The total nitrogen contents per square meter at the 0-40 cm soil layer for forestland, cropland and grassland were 0.343, 0.299 and 0.289 kg/m2, respectively.

Key words: soil total nitrogen, topography, land use, Danjiang River watershed