地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (6): 657-668.doi: 10.11821/xb200806010

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    

上海与长江流域各省区间的旅游互动

汪宇明, 高元衡   

  1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心, 上海200062
  • 收稿日期:2007-11-19 修回日期:2008-04-20 出版日期:2008-06-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:汪宇明(1953-), 湖北黄冈人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师。E-mail: ymwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40571054); 上海重点学科建设项目(B410)

The Tourism Interaction between Shanghai and Provinces in the Yangtze River Valley

WANG Yuming, GAO Yuanheng   

  1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2007-11-19 Revised:2008-04-20 Online:2008-06-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571054; Supported by Shanghai Leading Academic Discipline Project, No.B410

摘要:

采用转移—份额分析法对1999-2005 年上海及长江干流区域内各省区入境旅游者统计 数据和抽样调查数据进行分析研究发现, 在长江流域各省区出、入沪旅游流总量增长中, 结 构性转移分量的贡献影响发挥着主导影响; 份额分量的贡献影响发挥着基础性影响作用; 而 竞争性转移分量的贡献影响虽然有表现, 但其作用绩效明显低于其他分量的影响绩效; 总体 上, 结构性转移分量与份额分量高度集聚于上海毗邻的江浙地区, 表现出长三角地区旅游流 的高度内聚性; 但出、入沪旅游流增量中的各分量贡献影响, 在长江流域各省区间出现显著 的不均衡现象, 上海出沪旅游辐射强度在长江流域自东向西呈现出“U”型格局的空间变化。 其中, 距离尺度虽然是影响旅游流空间差异变化的重要因子, 但省区间的资源禀赋、旅游区 位交通的便捷性、旅游产品特色与供给结构变动、区域间旅游一体化程度等因子所构成的区 域性差异, 则是影响大都市与区域间旅游互动程度和空间格局的深层次原因。促进大都市与 不同尺度规模区域之间的旅游互动, 实现大都市与区域间旅游和谐发展, 全面提升中国旅游 的空间效益, 是中国区域旅游深度发展需要进一步关注的战略性命题。

关键词: 大都市, 区域旅游, 旅游互动, 旅游流, 区域内聚性, 长江流域, 上海

Abstract:

With the Shift-share Method, the international visitor arrivals statistical data and sampling survey data from 1999 to 2005 of Shanghai and the provinces of the Yangtze River Valley (YRV) have been analyzed, indicating that the contribution of structural shifted components plays a leading role, and the contribution of share components plays a fundamental role in the in-flow and out-flow tourist increment in the provinces of the YRV from or to Shanghai. The competitive shifted components also make contributions but their effect is obviously less than other components. Generally, the structural shifted components and the share components highly concentrate in Shanghai's two neighboring provinces of Zhejiang and Jiangsu, showing a highly regional agglomeration; however, as for the component contributions to the in-flow and out-flow tourist increments in Shanghai, there exists disproportionality in influence in the various provinces of the Yangtze River Delta. To be more specific, the intensity of tourist flow from Shanghai, from east to west, shows a U-shaped distribution. In addition, although the spatial distance is an important factor affecting the change of spatial difference of tourist flow, the regional differences of tourism resource endowment, traffic, characteristics and supply of tourist products and the regional tourism integration, are the fundamental causes affecting tourism interaction between the metropolis and its region, and the change of tourism spatial distribution. It is strategically important to develop regional tourism by promoting the tourism interaction between the metropolis and its region in different spatial scales, so as to realize harmonious development and improve tourism spatial efficiency in China.

Key words: metropolis, regional tourism, tourism interaction, tourist flow, regional agglomeration, Yangtze River valley, Shanghai