地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (6): 593-602.doi: 10.11821/xb200806004

• 交通与能源 • 上一篇    下一篇

集装箱环球航线的枢纽区位优化

徐骅1,2, 金凤君1, 王成金1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039
  • 收稿日期:2007-06-29 修回日期:2008-01-07 出版日期:2008-06-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:徐骅(1978-), 男, 博士生, 主要研究方向为交通运输地理学。E-mail: xuh.05b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635026); 国家自然科学基金项目(40701045)

Optimization of the Locations of Hub- ports in Round- the- world Container Service

XU Hua1,2, JIN Fengjun1, WANG Chengjin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2007-06-29 Revised:2008-01-07 Online:2008-06-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40635026; No.40701045

摘要:

集装箱航运业中规模经济较为明显。集装箱船舶不断地大型化, 加上巴拿马运河的改造, 在不久的将来环球航线这种充分利用船舶规模经济的航线形式将会重新出现, 最终使世界集装箱航线形成一个全球范围的轴辐网络。以Ashar 提出的赤道环球航线为基础, 通过分析航运成本来作一些修正, 寻找最佳的枢纽港口区位。优化的结果与Ashar 的赤道环球航线略有出入, 例如中国台湾港口具有明显的区位优势。中国港口尤其是黄海、渤海沿岸港口地理位置条件相对较差, 因此急需加强港口建设以应对未来的挑战。

关键词: 集装箱航运, 环球航线, 区位优化, 枢纽港, 海运区, 贸易距离

Abstract:

Under the background of economic globalization, container shipping, which has the character of pronounced scale economy, is an indispensable link of a modern economy. Since the container ships become larger and larger, the expansion of Panama Canal has been put to agenda, therefore "round-the-world service", which can exploit economy of scale most, will reappear soon, hence forming a world-wide hub-spoke network eventually. This study analyses shipping cost to find the best locations of hub-ports of the container service which is based on Ashar's Equatorial Round-The-World Service (ERTW Service). How to choosing hub-ports en route will affect the world regional economic development in the future, so this study is quite meaningful. The result of this study differs slightly from Ashar's ERTW Service, for example, the locations of ports of Chinese Taiwan are quite superior, while those of Chinese Mainland, especially those along the coast of Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea, are not so good comparatively. Although this study is from a new aspect which is pure economical and makes the result somewhat deviate from the status quo, it introduces a new quantitative method to analyse transportation geography. The result of this study reveals the disadvantages of the locations of ports of Chinese Mainland. The emergency is to reinforce the construction and management of these ports to attract more container services to meet the future challenges.

Key words: container shipping, round-the-world service, optimization of the location, hub-port, maritime range, trade distance