地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (7s): 67-76.doi: 10.11821/xb20047s010

• 区域经济与产业集聚 • 上一篇    下一篇

信息化对社会经济空间组织的影响研究

刘卫东1, 甄峰2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 南京大学城市与资源学系,南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2004-06-07 修回日期:2004-09-11 出版日期:2004-12-25 发布日期:2004-12-25
  • 作者简介:刘卫东 (1967-), 男, 河北隆化人。研究员。主要从事经济地理和区域发展研究。已发表论文40余篇。E-mail: liuwd@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40131010; 40301014)

Spatial Implications of New Information and Communication Technologies

LIU Weidong11, ZHEN Feng22   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Department of Urban and Resources, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2004-06-07 Revised:2004-09-11 Online:2004-12-25 Published:2004-12-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40131010; No.40301014

摘要:

信息技术的惊人进步正在深刻地改变着社会和经济生活方式。这种变化已经引起了来自各学科的学者们的强烈关注,并引发了一场关于新的信息技术之影响的争论。伴随这些争论,全球化和信息化时代的城市与区域发展已经成为学术界的热点议题。作者主要依据西方学术文献 (特别是英语学术刊物),从技术进步的一般影响、信息化时代的特征、区域空间重组、城市空间演化、企业空间组织等方面,回顾对信息技术之空间影响研究进展。现有文献表明,新的信息技术在经济空间变化中起着越来越重要的作用,但是它只是一种提供可能或促成发生的介质,并不是决定性的。所造成的空间变革是一个复杂的过程,它的趋势可以从不同的部门和不同的空间层级来观察。总体上,新的信息技术引起的企业层面空间组织变化还没有得到地理学家的足够重视。

关键词: 信息化, 空间组织, 区域发展, 城市网络, 技术进步

Abstract:

Recent decades have witnessed extraordinary advances in information and communication technologies (ICTs), which have helped to change social and economic life. Such changes have drawn much attention from scholars in various academic fields, and have initiated fervent debates on the spatial implications of new ICTs. Geographers have been prominent, particularly in contesting the popular view that distance no longer matters and that "the end of geography" is at hand. With these debates, urban and regional development under new ICTs has become a hot issue in geographical studies. This paper, mainly based on literature in English journals, tries to review and summarize the studies on spatial impacts of new ICTs at three levels, i.e. regional restructuring, urban restructuring and firm-level restructuring. Existing literature reveals that new ICTs have played an increasingly important role in the spatial transformations of the economy in the last several decades, but they are "an enabling or facilitating agent". Since there exists a gap between the introduction of new ICTs and changes in the spatial pattern of firms, empirical evidence is still insufficient for drawing firms on new ICT impacts. Overally, the spatial transformations at firm level have not yet been given enough attention by geographers.

Key words: new information and communication technology, spatial restructuring, regional development, city network, technological innovation