地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (7s): 59-66.doi: 10.11821/xb20047s009

• 区域经济与产业集聚 • 上一篇    下一篇

上海浦东信息产业集群的建设

曾刚, 文嫮   

  1. 华东师范大学资源与环境科学学院,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2004-03-09 修回日期:2004-06-14 出版日期:2004-12-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:曾刚 (1961-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事技术扩散与区域经济发展研究。E-mail: gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40371033)

A Study on the IT Cluster in Pudong of Shanghai

ZENG Gang, WEN Hu   

  1. School of Resources and Environmental Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2004-03-09 Revised:2004-06-14 Online:2004-12-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40371033

摘要:

产业集群作为一种典型的经济活动空间组织现象,成为区域经济发展的成功模式。作者回顾了产业集群的基本内涵和类别,并从水平效应、垂直效应、内部制度环境、外部联系和平等与依赖的权利机构等5个方面从理论上系统地阐述了产业集群的内部机理。同时,结合实际调研资料,对上海浦东的信息产业集群建设问题进行了系统的分析和研究。作者认为,浦东信息产业集群具有规模扩张快、外部联系广泛,但内部水平垂直协作薄弱、内部制度环境建设滞后的特点。在此基础上,提出了加强本地网络联系、激发集体学习、注重外部联系、积极把握产业发展的主动权、构建适宜的区域制度环境等对策建议。

关键词: 信息产业, 产业集群, 浦东, 产业升级, 区域政策

Abstract:

Under the background of economic globalization and technological revolution, industrial cluster has become a new successful model for regional economic development as a space framework of economic activity. First, this paper reviews the basic connotation and type of industrial cluster, and then expatiates the internal mechanism of the cluster from five aspects, such as level efficiency, uprightness efficiency, internal system environment, external relationship, right framework coming from equality and dependence. At the same time, the authors make a systematic research and analysis by integrating investigation data of Pudong IC industrial cluster. This paper considers that Pudong IC industrial cluster is the outcome of the industrial transfer from the multinational companies, and it is one of the largest IT-clusters in China. So at the very start, the IC industrial cluster has joined the global network. The multinational companies exert important influence on IC cluster development, but at the same time MNCs control the upgrading of the IC cluster, and impact passively the local innovations in the IC cluster. The paper points out that the IC cluster develops rapid, and has extensive external relationships. But the level relationship in the IC cluster is weak because of lack of good institutional environment. Finally, this paper concludes that only by reinforcing the local network relationships, arousing the desire for gain new knowledge collectively, paying attention to external relationships, grasping the initiatives in industrial development, and building a good institutional environment, can the IT cluster in Pudong develop well and fast in the future.

Key words: IT industry, industrial cluster, Pudong, industrial upgrade, regional policy