地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (7s): 53-58.doi: 10.11821/xb20047s008

• 区域经济与产业集聚 • 上一篇    下一篇

空间开发功能区划的方法

陈雯, 段学军, 陈江龙, 许刚   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2004-01-09 修回日期:2004-04-08 出版日期:2004-12-25 发布日期:2004-12-25
  • 作者简介:陈雯 (1967-), 女, 研究员, 博士生导师, 主要从事区域发展和规划研究。E-mail: wchen@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40371031; 40071027)

The Methods of Spatial Development Function Regionalization

CHEN Wen, DUAN Xuejun, CHEN Jianglong, XU Gang   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2004-01-09 Revised:2004-04-08 Online:2004-12-25 Published:2004-12-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40371031; No.40071027

摘要:

空间开发功能区划是根据区域的自然、社会、经济和环境的特征,将某一区域划分不同开发方向和发展潜力的子区域,是引导空间开发秩序、实施区域空间调控的重要依据。本文着重对空间开发功能区划的方法、类型、指标体系等方面进行初步探讨,提出了以经济开发价值和生态保护价值判定为基础的矩阵分类方法,并将空间的开发功能区分为适宜开发区、有限制开发区、适度保护区、限制开发区和灰色弹性区等5大类。在此基础上,开展了南通市沿长江岸线资源开发利用的功能区划研究,以此作为岸线开发和调整方向的依据。

关键词: 空间开发功能区划, 经济开发价值, 生态保护价值, 矩阵分类

Abstract:

As the scientific groundwork for the spatial sustainable development planning and management, spatial development function regionalization can provide regional division of different development directions and potentials based on the regional disparities of the natural, social, economic and environmental characteristics. After looking back and comparing the theory, principle, index, method and function area among natural regionalization, agricultural regionalization, ecological regionalization and economic regionalization, etc., this paper puts forward the concept and characteristics of the spatial development function regionalization by equilibrium between natural and economic systems, integration of spatial development and spatial governess, harmony of population, economic resource and environment. Then, it focuses the discussion on the regionalization methods, types, and indices. Using the method of classification matrix integrated by the economic development value and ecological conservation value, several functional regional types, namely feasible development area, limitary development area, moderate conservation area, prohibited exploiting area and elasticity gray area, can be divided and marked out according to the various combinations of the economic development value and ecological conservation value. Furthermore, the paper probes the evaluation indices system as well as applies the evaluation methods along with classification clustering and matrix both to the economic development value and ecological conservation value of each regional unit. Finally, the paper takes waterfront along the Yangtze River in Nantong city, Jiangsu Province as a case study for the development function regionalization of waterfront. The economic development value of waterfront (i.e. the harbor construction value) has been evaluated by the indices of waterfront depth, stability, river breadth before waterfront and land width behind waterfront and then three value levels have been divided. Meanwhile the ecological protection value can be appraised by judging that whether the region cell has domestic water source, ecological isolated area, tourism area, historic relics or the possibility of frequent occurrence of geological hazards and then three value levels have also been divided. By the classification matrix of the economic development value and the ecological conservation value of 14 appraising units, these units are separated into five development function types or waterfront can be divided into feasible development waterfront, limitary development waterfront, moderate conservation waterfront, prohibited development waterfront and gray elasticity waterfront. According to the classification result, some valuable advices about waterfront development and adjustment can be provided.

Key words: spatial development function regionalization, economic development value, ecological conservation value, classification matrix