地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (1): 1-8.doi: 10.11821/xb199901001

• 论文 •    下一篇

笔谈:地理环境与冰川研究——祝贺施雅风院士八十华诞

《地理学报》   

  • 出版日期:1999-01-15 发布日期:1999-01-15

COMMETNS ON GEOGRAPHIC ENVIRONMENTS ANDGLACIAL STUDIES: CONGRATULATIONS TO ACADEMICIANSHI YAFENG FOR HIS 80th BIRTHDAY

  • Online:1999-01-15 Published:1999-01-15

摘要: 中国科学院院士、中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所名誉所长、中国地理学会前理事长施雅风教授是我国着名的地理学家和冰川学家。他专心致志于地理与环境变化、中国现代冰川与第四纪冰川研究,并且是我国地理学诸多专门领域研究的组织者和倡导者,他在50年代参加了中国地形区划的研究和我国第一个科学远景规划的编制,1958年开拓了中国现代冰川研究;60年代领导和开辟我国冻土学,泥石流、干旱水文研究新领域,并积极领导和推动青藏高原的科学考察;70年代施雅风教授创立波动冰量平衡方法预报冰川变化,成功地解决了中国-巴基斯坦公路通过巴托拉冰川区的问题。80年代以来他积极推动和参与倡导了西北水资源,全球变化与海岸带灾害,冰芯与环境等新领域的研究,他重视科学研究的国家目标,强调为经济建设服务和用任务带动学科发展。先后主持了许多重大研究项目,着述颇丰,硕果盈枝,为我国地理学、地理环境、冰川等科学的发展和西部地区经济建设作出了卓越贡献。今年是施雅风院士80寿辰,本刊发表这一组笔谈,回顾数十年来施雅风院士取得重大成就的领域,祝福他健康长寿,并祝贺他为我国的地理学、冰川学作出巨大的贡献。

关键词: 施雅风学术思想, 地理与环境, 冰川学, 第四纪冰川

Abstract: Professor Shi Yafeng has been studying geographic sciences, especially in geomorphology, glaciology and Quaternary geology for more than five decades, and has been recognized as one of the organizers and leading scientists in interdisciplinary geosciences. In early 1950s, he organizing the studies on geomorphologic regionalization in China. He and his colleagues firstly proposed that three mega regions, i.e. the eastern fluvial landform region, the north western eolian and arid landform region and the Qinghsi Xizang Plateau glacial and cryogenic landform region, and 29 sub regions can be distincted. Since 1958, he had organized the glacier resource expeditions in Qilian and Tianshan mountainous areas. “Report of Expeditions on Modern Glaciers in Qilian Mountains” and “Glaciol and Hydrological Invention in the Urumuqi River, Tianshan” were published under his editorship, which was actually a formal proclamation of the staring of the studies in modern glaciology in China. In 1960s, he entended the glacier expedition into the highest mountains in the the world Himalaya. He firstly gave the systematical explanation about the characteristics of alpine glaciers in low latitudes, and the impacts of rapid uplifting of Himalaya on glacier history. These pioneering works were presented in two books edited by him namely “Scientific Expedition Report of the Oomolungma Peak Area: Modern glaciers and Geomorphology” and “Scientific Expedition Report of the Xixiabangma Peak”. In 1970s, he led a group to study on Batura Glacier in Pakistan and developed the method so called “Fluctuating ice discharge balance” in the prediction of the glacier termination change and sub stantially improved the accuracy of prediction. This was a key challenge for selecting a reasonable rehabilitation scheme for the International Karakorum Highway. In early 1980s, he collaborated with others questioned the long debated “Quaternary Glaciation Hypotheses in Eastern China” and provided extensive and reliable evidence to deny it. These works were reflected in the book “Problems on Quaternary Glacitions and Environments in Eastern China” chiefly edited by Professor Shi Yafeng. This book Marked the breathtaking progress and diversification of glaciology studies of China in late 1980s. Professor Shi also advocated and organized virginal studies in permafrost researches in the Qinghai Xizang Plateau, the debris flow in southwestern China, and hydrology in arid regions in northwestern China in 1960s. These studies contributed remarkably to regional development in China. During 1980s~1990s, Professor Shi Yafeng gained an insight into global change and enthusiastically promoted the research activities in China. He edited and published “Climate and Environments in China during the Holocene Megathermal Period” in which he suggested that precipitation from northern China to central Asia during mid Holocene was more plentiful than that at present due to the enhancement of summer monsoon. These viewpoints have been widely accepted in China. In recent years, Prof. Shi Yafent actively promoted and contributed to the studies on the hazards caused by the sea level reise and urged for more studies to seek countermeasures for the related problems.

Key words: Academic thinking of Professor Shi Yafeng, geography and environment, glaciology, Quaternay Glaciationss

中图分类号: 

  • P343.6