地理学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (s1): 122-126.doi: 10.11821/xb1997S1014

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

香港填海面面观

潘乐陶   

  1. 安乐工程有限公司,香港
  • 出版日期:1997-12-15 发布日期:1997-12-15

OVERVIEW OF RECLAMATION IN HONG KONG

Otto Poon   

  1. ATAL Engineering Ltd., Hong Kong
  • Online:1997-12-15 Published:1997-12-15

摘要: 1996年港英政府的全港发展策略检讨报告,香港人口由目前的630万至2011年估计会增至810万,土地之需求大增,从行政管理方面而言,填海实为满足此需求的较易和经济的途径。过去150年,香港填海面积已达4100hm2。近日建议的维多利亚港、青洲及大屿填海计划,市民对历史价值、景观及生态环境的影响议论纷纷,对土地利用亦有很多不同意见。笔者不反对填海,在适当的规划下,在合适及不影响航运安全的地区进行填海实有可取之处。但建议香港特区政府必需先考虑其它选择,如“新界”荒弃的农地、旧工商业及住宅区重建、大屿山干线可发展的新市镇以及开发启德机场等。在大规模填海工程进行之前,更需先作综合环境影响评估,以免对景观及生态造成不可弥补的破坏。

关键词: 填海造地, 环境管理, 海岸管理, 土地利用, 香港

Abstract: According to the Territorial Development Strategic Review published by the Hong Kong Government in 1996, the population of Hong Kong would grow from 6. 3 million of the pre-sent to 8.1 million in 2011. This would pose a substantial demand in land supply and reclama-tion is an easier and more economical approach to satisfy this need.In the past 150 years, total area reclaimed was in excess of 4 000 hm2. Suggestion by the Government to further reclaim the Victoria Harbour, Green Island and Lantau Island was re-ceived with scepticism and grave concern on the visual and environmental impacts.The author was not against reclamation and there are benefits to be gained if it is carried out with careful selection of sites without affecting the fairways. However, before large scale reclamation is to proceed, priority must be given to alternative sources of land supply such as derelict farm lands in "New Territories", reconstruction of the old industrial, commercial and residential areas as well as new towns along the route to the new airport and redevelopment of the Kai Tak Airport.Before engineering works of large scale reclamation, cumulative environmental impact studies must be undertaken to avoid irrevocable visual and ecological impacts.

Key words: Reclamation, Environmental management, coastal management, landuse, Hong Kong

中图分类号: 

  • F127