地理学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (s1): 8-15.doi: 10.11821/xb1997S1002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

香港“九七”回归的地理意义

杨汝万   

  1. 香港中文大学地理系, 香港
  • 出版日期:1997-12-15 发布日期:1997-12-15

THE GEOGRAPHICAL MEANING OF HONG KONG’S RETURN TO CHINA RULE IN 1997

Yue-man Yeung   

  1. Department of Geography, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • Online:1997-12-15 Published:1997-12-15

摘要: 香港回归在祖国逐渐强盛的情况下发生。过去的10余年,祖国内地的开放已为香港创造了新契机,同时内地的改革也受益于香港的发展。香港的作用不只在内地,整个亚太地区以至世界经济亦与香港建立密切的互动关系。亚太地区的迅速发展,地理环境的转变对香港有利,使它可以为本身和祖国内地发挥更重要的影响。

关键词: 中国开放, 香港作用, 地理环境

Abstract: Hong Kong and Inland are geographically and historically inseparable. However, since the Opium War and the Treaty of Nanking in 1842. Hong Kong became under British colony rul-ing, but its links with China, especially the Zhujiang Delta, remained strong. Since 1949. Hong Kong’ s traditional hinterland in Inland was essentially lost and its economy and func-tions had consequently to evolve in different directions without relying on Inland.The postwar period in Hong Kong. despite its ups and downs, was generally one of rapid economic growth, hence its sobriquet as an Asian dragon. Hong Kong, in fact, was beginning to face problems in its chosen path of export-oriented manufacturing by the late 1970s be-cause of escalating land and labour costs and other problems. China’ s opening at the same time provided Hong Kong with a golden opportunity to enter another period of rapid growth Both Hong Kong and Inland witnessed explosive growth rates since the mid-1980s.By now, Hong Kong has become a world city, with key functional roles in finance, trans-port , telecommunications, producer services and manufacturing control in the global economy. It is also a pivot in subregional economic development involving Taiwan, Guangdong and Fu-jian. Known as the Southern China Growth Triangle, it is a form of cooperative economic de-velopment that has become current in the Asia-Pacific region.With Hong Kong’s return to China in 1997, its geographical advantages will likely be fur-ther enhanced for its own benefit and that of Inland. Hong Kong will further develop along re-cent trends towards greater integration with the zhujiang Delta, with the possible formation of a megalopolis with Hong Kong and Guangzhou at either end. Cities in the region will assume a higher economic profile and importance, given accelerating globalization influences. Competi-tion that Hong Kong faces from other Chinese and Asian cities will be equalled by the opportu-nities for cooperation that they beckon.

Key words: China’ s open policy, Hong Kong factors, geographical environment

中图分类号: 

  • K901