地理学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (4): 348-357.doi: 10.11821/xb199304006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

山东历史时期冷暖旱涝状况分析

郑景云, 郑斯中   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计委地理研究所, 北京 100101
  • 出版日期:1993-07-15 发布日期:1993-07-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目

AN ANALYSIS ON COLD/WARM AND DRY/WET IN SHANDONG PROVINCE DURING HISTORICAL TIMES

Zheng Jingyun, Zheng Sizhong   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
  • Online:1993-07-15 Published:1993-07-15

摘要: 本文利用山东历史时期冬温指数、水旱指数序列,分析了近500多年来山东冷暖旱涝状况。主要结论是:山东气候存在着明显的冷暖干湿变化,冷暖变化为四暖三冷,干湿变化为四湿四干。旱涝灾害频繁,旱涝发生频率为44%,且在区域和季节上表现出不均匀性。全省范围的大旱大涝随时间有增加趋势。冷暖波动与旱涝变化关系密切,冷的时期涝灾较多,且存在地区和季节差异。

关键词: 冷暖变化, 干湿变化, 旱涝分布, 冷暖旱涝关系

Abstract: In this paper .the series of winter temperature index for each decade and seasonal dry wet in-dex arc reconstructed,the characteristics of cold warm and dryness/wetness variation in Shandong Province during historical times are analysed.

Key words: Clod/warm variation, Dry/wet variation, Distribution of drought/flood, rela-tion between Cold/warm and drought/flood