地理学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (4): 304-316.doi: 10.11821/xb199304002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

2000年来中国瘴病分布变迁的初步研究

龚胜生   

  1. 陕西师范大学中国历史地理研究所,西安 710062
  • 出版日期:1993-07-15 发布日期:1993-07-15
  • 基金资助:

A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON VARIATIONS OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF ZHANG-DISEASE FOR THE PAST 2000 YEARS IN CHINA

Gong Shengsheng   

  1. Shanxi Normal University, Xian 710062
  • Online:1993-07-15 Published:1993-07-15

摘要: 中国古籍里所说的瘴病主要是指恶性疟疾一类的传染病,它主要发生在热湿的气候环境和夏秋季节。2000年来,由于人为的作用和气候的变迁,其主要分布范围具有逐渐南移的趋势:战国西汉时期以秦岭淮河为北界;隋唐五代时期以大巴山长江为北界;明清时期则以南岭为北界。历史时期瘴病的流行,是导致瘴病分布区域社会经济发展相对缓慢的重要因素之一。

关键词: 瘴病, 瘴病分布, 历史时期, 人地关系

Abstract: Zhang一disease(瘴),which is an epidemic in the southern part of China in the historical pe-rinds ,is a kind of pernicious malarias .This paper discusses preliminarily the links between this disease and geographical environment。the variations of its distribution and its influence on the so-ciety and economy in the region affected by Zhang一disease. The followings conclusions have been obtained: (1) Zhang一disease is an epidemic which occurs under hot and wet climatic conditions in summer and autumn. (2)In the past 2000 years,the disease was moved slowly to the South. The Northern bound-ary of the region affected by Zhang一disease was Qinlin Mountain and Huaihe River in the War-ring States Period and in the Western Han Dynasty(770BC一AD23),Daiba Mountain and Changjing River in the sui and Tang Dynasties (AD581一960),and Nanlin Mountain in the Ming and Qing Dynasties (AD1368一1911).At the present time. Zhang一disease is an epidemic only in the Yunnan Province. One of the main causes the movement of Zhang一desease is the population migration from North to south .Another reason is the change of climate to colder and drier. (3)Zhang一disease influences the society in the region affected in three aspects:population growth,production mode and economic development. These influences resulted in the fact that the northern parts of ancient China were exploited prior to the southern parts.

Key words: Zhang一disease, Zhang一disease distribution, Historic periods, links between Men and Enriroment