地理学报 ›› 1982, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (4): 372-382.doi: 10.11821/xb198204004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

上海城市热岛效应

周淑贞, 张超   

  1. 华东师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1982-10-15 发布日期:1982-10-15

ON THE SHANGHAI URBAN HEAT ISLAND EFFECT

Chou Shu-zhen, Zhang Chao   

  1. East China Normal Unirersity
  • Online:1982-10-15 Published:1982-10-15

摘要: 为了弄清上海城市热岛效应,应用了下列资料: (1) 1955年上海外滩、徐家汇(这两站代表市区)和松江(代表远郊)的全年观测资料。 (2) 1956、1957两年上海徐家汇(市区)、龙华(城市边缘)和松江(远郊)观测资料。

关键词: 城市热岛效应, 热岛强度, 上海城市, 年变化, 上海市区, 上海外滩, 公园, 松江, 观测资料, 日变化

Abstract: Shanghai is the biggest and most important industrial and commerical center inChina. Multiple observations show that the urban area is nearly always wanner. Forexample, on Dec. 13, 1979 at 8pm. (a calm dear night) the warmest temperature isotherms (8.5°) were associated with the highest density urban dwellings (fig 2). Some ave-rage records in the coldest temp., annual temp., the number of coldest days and hottestdays all indicated the urban heat effect as shown in table 1-2.The diurnal variation, annual variation and local difference of urban heat islandintensities for Shanghai were shown in fig. 4-5 and table 3-6 as examples.The urban heat island has a number of consequences. During the maximum deve-lopment of an urban heat island, the temperature field often induces a ’’ country breeze’’.There are more thunderstorm days, and heavy rainy days in Shanghai city comparedwith its nearby counties due to the rising current above the heat island. Except themean value of absolute humidity and relative humidity are lower, all the mean tempe-rature value of the coldest month, the hottest month and the annual are higher in urbandistricts compared to the rural areas in average, (table 7-8).