地理学报 ›› 1959, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 180-200.doi: 10.11821/xb195903005

• 论文 •    下一篇

江苏省苏锡地区农业区划

程潞, 杨万鐘, 金家相, 吴建藩   

  1. 华东师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1959-05-15 发布日期:1959-05-15
  • 基金资助:

AGRICULTURAL REGI0NS OF THE DISTRICT OF SOOCHOW AND WUSI, KIANGSU PROVINCE

L. CHEN W. C. YANG C. S. GING C. F. WU   

  • Online:1959-05-15 Published:1959-05-15

摘要: 引言本文所谓苏锡地区,在行政区划上乃指江苏省无锡辖区与苏州专署所属苏州、吴县、江阴、常熟、太仓、昆山、吴江、震泽等县市而言。全区土地面积计约7,500平方公里。苏锡地区是我国小农经济时代著名的水稻高产地区,主要的“鱼米之乡”,尤以蚕桑生产闻名中外。解放后,在党的顿导下,全区广大农民解除了封建势力的束缚,各种农产品单位面积产量逐年有所提高。特别是1958年生产的大跃进,人民公社的普遍建立,任农业战线上出现了空前未有的大丰收。这就为全区农业生产更进一步的发展,奠定了重要的基础;并为农业生产的合理配置,提供了必要的条件。

关键词:

Abstract: The dictrict of Soochow and Wusi is situated at the southern bank of the lower Yangtze,which is a part of the delta, with an area of 7,500km2. It is one of the most densely po-pulated areas of China. The natural conditions of the district is favourable for cultivation.The cultivated land occupies 70% of the total area while rivers, lakes, ponds occupying 16%;orchard and forest 3%;waste land (chiefly at low hill) 2%;unproductive land,settlement and others 9% respectively. Most of the cultivated land is paddy field. In general, two crops are harvested each year. The main crops are rice, wheat, barley, rapeseed, cotton, vegetables and others. Besides, it is also famous for fresh water fishery, silkworm raising and fniit yielding. It is well known for its intensive farming in China. In the present stage of economic development, regional specialization of agriculture has important significance for raising agricultural productivity, so as to assure a sufficient amount of agricultural products to meet the demand of national economy. It is necessary, by de- tailed field study, to carry on research on the division of agricultural regions of this district, for rational localization of agricultural production. This paper consists of three parts. (1) it analyses the natural and economic conditions of the district; (2) it discusses the characteristics of agricultural production as well as the present condition of agricultural localization; and (3) it, according to the following points: the demand of national economy, full utilization of natural conditions, coordination of specia- lization and comprehensive development, on乡nal basis of agricultural production, labor resources, and administrative units, divides the district into four agricultural regions: (1) Cotton and rice region of Yangtze River bank; (2) Rice, wheat, fishing and silkworm raising region of central part; (3) Orchard, fishing, silkworm raising region of lake side; (4) Agricultural regions of suburb of cities.