地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (11): 2243-2259.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201911004

• 《地理学报》创刊85周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于《地理学报》创刊85年载文的中国西南地区之地理研究

杜芳娟1,2,周越1,3,庄淑蓉1,2,叶仕安1,2   

  1. 1. 贵州师范大学喀斯特研究院,贵阳 550001
    2. 贵州师范大学国家喀斯特石漠化防治工程技术研究中心,贵阳 550001
    3. 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院,贵阳 550001
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-19 修回日期:2019-10-09 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-11-01
  • 作者简介:杜芳娟(1977-), 女, 贵州务川人, 博士, 教授, 研究方向为文化地理、健康关怀地理。E-mail: 810669432@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0502606-01);国家自然科学基金项目(41861029);国家自然科学基金项目(41601132);贵州师范大学博士基金项目(2012-2014)

Geographical studies of Southwest China based on articles published in Acta Geographica Sinica from 1934 to 2018

DU Fangjuan1,2,ZHOU Yue1,3,ZHUANG Shurong1,2,YE Shian1,2   

  1. 1. School of Karst Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
    2. State Engineering Technology Institute for Karst Desertification Control, Guiyang 550001, China
    3. School of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
  • Received:2019-08-19 Revised:2019-10-09 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-11-01
  • Supported by:
    National Key Technology R&D Program(2016YFC0502606-01);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41861029);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601132);Doctor's Foundation of Guizhou Normal University(2012-2014)

摘要:

西南地区以其独特的地理现象一直为国内外地理学者所关注。通过对《地理学报》创刊以来85年间西南地区研究的载文分析,可以管窥其研究脉络,并予未来研究以启示。结果表明:① 232篇论文囊括了地理研究的若干主题,但以地貌、气象气候、综合自然地理和生态环境发文量最大,而城市、民族、交通、健康则关注较少;② 研究经历了传统区域研究、任务带学科、承上启下和多元化发展4个阶段;③ 论文在数量和内容上的阶段性变化,既受国家时事格局影响,也受地理学科研究范式发展变化影响;④ 《地理学报》有关西南地区的载文具有很高的研究水平,无论是在学术视野还是研究方法手段上,区域的自然、人文、社会经济与生态环境等诸多研究都站在了学术研究前沿,代表了学界对西南地理的研究情况;⑤ 但西南地理研究论文增长速度远赶不上《地理学报》载文量增长,外来研究机构占比很大,本土力量弱;相较自然地理,人文地理研究也少而弱。可见,西南地理研究当从新区域地理视角重新审视这一地区传统与现代的碰撞、边界的接触与冲突和区际的联系与竞争,继续成就西南地区重要的地理意义。

关键词: 《地理学报》, 西南地理, 研究主题, 研究发展

Abstract:

Regions continue to be one of the most logical and satisfactory ways of organizing the geographical information. Southwest China has always been concerned by geographers at home and abroad for its unique geographical phenomena. Its research vein could be looked into and given some useful suggestions for the future research through analyses of the articles published in Acta Geographica Sinica during 1934-2018. The results show that: (1) Articles about Southwest China covered almost all the subjects of geography, and the research results about geomorphology, meteorological climate, integrated physical geography, and ecological environment are the most widely published, while those on cities, ethnic groups, transportation and health are less concerned; (2) Up to 2018, the research had experienced four stages, early traditional regional research, task-led discipline, connecting the preceding and the following, and diversified development; (3) The periodical changes of the quantity and contents of these articles are influenced by the pattern of national affairs, and by the changes of the research paradigm of geography; (4) The articles published in Acta Geographica Sinica are of high research level, no matter from the academic perspective or the research methods, and many studies on regional nature, humanities, social economy and ecological environment are at the forefront of academic research, representing the academic research on geography of Southwest China; (5) However, the growth rate of articles about this region is far behind the increase in the number of articles in Acta Geographica Sinica, and the external research institutions and universities account for a large proportion of the number of articles, while the locals are weak. Compared with physical geography, there are fewer studies on human geography. As China's "island in the sky" and "cradle of ancient humans beings", Southwest China should be re-examined in the fields of the traditional and modern collision, boundary contact and conflict, and inter-regional contact and competition from the perspective of new regional geography, and continue to achieve the geographical significance of the study region.

Key words: Acta Geographica Sinica, geography of Southwest China, research subjects, research development