地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (11): 2230-2242.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201911003

• 《地理学报》创刊85周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于《地理学报》创刊85年载文的中国交通地理学传承与发展

金凤君1,2,陈卓1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-17 修回日期:2019-10-08 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-11-01
  • 作者简介:金凤君(1961-), 男, 内蒙古赤峰人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 主要从事区域经济学与经济地理学研究。E-mail: jinfj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院先导A项目(XDA19040403);国家自然科学基金项目(41771134)

The inheritance and development of transportation geography in China: Based on analysis of papers published in Acta Geographica Sinica

JIN Fengjun1,2,CHEN Zhuo1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-05-17 Revised:2019-10-08 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-11-01
  • Supported by:
    The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA19040403);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771134)

摘要:

科学认知中国交通地理学的发展脉络和发展方向,促进与实践紧密结合的理论和技术创新,对完善学科建设和促进实践应用具有重要意义。以《地理学报》1934年创刊以来的交通地理论文为依据,厘清中国交通地理学的发展脉络,归纳学科发展的驱动力和趋势,以服务于学科建设。① 中国交通地理学的发展经历了探索阶段、初创阶段、体系形成阶段和稳定发展阶段,逐渐明确了自然—人文—技术交叉综合的应用学科性质,形成了突出的综合性研究特征,根据研究内容、交通方式和空间尺度确立了较为完善的学科体系;② 国家与区域发展需求是中国交通地理学发展的基本动力,数据与方法创新、学科交叉需求和国际理论引介对学科发展发挥了重要的推动作用;③ 中国交通地理学的发展具有人文、生态和技术相结合的前沿方向,未来有必要适时地调整学科体系和发展方向,以保持学科优势和竞争力。

关键词: 交通地理学, 发展脉络, 发展动力, 发展趋势, 《地理学报》

Abstract:

Understanding the development process and direction of China's transportation geography scientifically and accelerating the theoretical and technological innovation closely associated with the concrete practice are of great significance for the disciplinary development and holding on to the direction of practice. Based on the transportation geography papers published in Acta Geographica Sinica since its founding, this paper discussed the development process of China's transportation geography, and summarized the driving forces and development direction of the discipline. (1) Going through exploration stage, initial stage, formation stage and deepening stage, China's transportation geography has gradually identified the nature of the applied discipline synthesized by nature, humanity and technology, constituted a prominent comprehensive characteristic, and established a relatively complete discipline system on the basis of research content, transportation modes and spatial scales. (2) The demand of national and regional development is the essential driving force for the development of China's transportation geography, while data and method innovation, interdisciplinary demands and international theoretical introduction play a significant role in promoting development of the discipline. (3) The development of the discipline has three leading orientations: humanism, ecologicalism and technicalism. In the future, it is necessary to track diverse orientations in the long term and coordinate the discipline system and development direction timely so as to maintain the discipline superiority and competitiveness of China's transportation geography.

Key words: transportation geography, development process, development motivation, development direction, Acta Geographica Sinica