地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (11): 2197-2208.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201911001

• 《地理学报》创刊85周年 •    下一篇

中国地理学会与《地理学报》的发展

张国友1, 黄剑2,3(), 朱竑2,3, 何沛东4   

  1. 1. 中国地理学会,北京 100101
    2. 广州大学地理科学学院华南人文地理与城市发展研究中心,广州 510006
    3. 广东省城市与移民研究中心,广州 510006
    4. 中山大学历史学系,珠海 519082
  • 收稿日期:2019-02-28 修回日期:2019-10-18 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-11-01
  • 通讯作者: 黄剑 E-mail:huangjian4951@163.com
  • 作者简介:张国友(1960-), 男, 研究员, 中国地理学会秘书长。E-mail: gyzhang@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630635);国家自然科学基金青年项目(41601133);广东省自然科学基金团队项目(2018B030312004)

The Geographical Society of China and the development of the Acta Geographica Sinica

ZHANG Guoyou1, HUANG Jian2,3(), ZHU Hong2,3, HE Peidong4   

  1. 1. Geographical Society of China, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Centre for Human Geography and Urban Development, School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    3. Guangdong Provincial Research Institution of Urban and Migration Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China
    4. Department of History, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2019-02-28 Revised:2019-10-18 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-11-01
  • Contact: HUANG Jian E-mail:huangjian4951@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41630635);Youth Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601133);Team Project of Guangdong Natural Science Foundation(2018B030312004)

摘要:

中国地理学会前身是1909年在天津成立的中国地学会。1934年3月中国地理学会的成立与同年9月《地理学报》的创办,不仅是中国地理学科史上的大事,也是中国教育史乃至科学史上的亮点。这是新文化运动中所提倡“赛先生”,即科学观念不断在近代中国传播的重要节点。中国地理学会的成立,清晰地将近代地理学与传统舆地学分离开来,以独立学科的形态出现在中国历史舞台上。《地理学报》的创刊,则使中外地理学家们在中国开始享有高水准的专业学术窗口。这是中国地理学界仁人志士对“科学救国”“科技兴国”等思潮的实践。在中国地理学会的组织和推动下,老一代地理学家艰苦奋斗,将一系列重要的研究成果刊登在《地理学报》,中国地理学家在当时的国家顶层设计中占有了一席之地。虽然,当时对地理科学的重要性认知还主要停留在权力高层与专业学术圈内,但为后来中国地理科学的蓬勃发展播下了火种,也为唤醒普通民众的地理科学意识打下了坚实的科学基础。回顾历史,中国地理学会的成立与《地理学报》的创办可谓是中国地理科学的发轫,自此成为中国地理科学发展的推动者和见证者。值此中国地理学会创立110周年、《地理学报》创刊85周年之际,深入领会“不忘初心、牢记使命”,回顾中国地理学会与《地理学报》发展,以继承和发扬老一辈地理学家的精神,进一步推动地理科学发展,使之成为可持续发展的基础学科,更好地服务于国家建设,服务于人类命运共同体建设。

关键词: 中国地理学会, 《地理学报》, 近代地理学, 科学, 传播

Abstract:

The current Geographical Society of China (GSC) is the product of a merger of the Chinese Geographical Society established in 1909 and the former Geographical Society of China established in 1934. The establishment of the GSC and the launch of the journal Acta Geographica Sinica in 1934 are not only two major events in the history of Chinese geography, but also two spotlights in the history of Chinese education and science. This is the key point of the concept of science advocated by the New Culture Movement. The establishment of GSC clearly separated modern geography from traditional geoscientology and entered on the historical stage in the name of science. What's more, the publication of Acta Geographica Sinica enabled Chinese and foreign geographers to enjoy a high-end professional academic source in China. The emergence of the society and its journal was also a direct manifestation of wartime concepts such as "science saves the country" and "invigorating China through science."Under the organization and promotion of the GSC, the older generation of geographers worked hard and published a series of important articles in the Acta Geographica Sinica. The modern geographers who worked tirelessly finally drew the attention of the ruling class and occupied a place in the top-down design of the country. Although their understanding of the importance was mainly in the high-level and professional academic circles, it planted the seed for the later vigorous development of Chinese geographic science and laid a solid scientific foundation for awakening the ordinary people. In retrospect, the establishment of GSC and Acta Geographica Sinica was the beginning of Chinese geographic science and has become the promoter and witness of the development of Chinese geographic science. On the 110th anniversary of the founding of the GSC, we should inherit the spirit of the older generation of scientists, enrich the geographic science, provide better service for the construction of the country, and improve the scientific literacy of ordinary people.

Key words: The Geographical Society of China, Acta Geographica Sinica, modern geography, science, communication