地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (6): 1205-1223.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201906010

• 交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于西通道的国家西向流通网络特征与组织模式

文玉钊1,2,陆梦秋3(),李小建1,2,车冰清4,孟德友1,2,史焱文1,2   

  1. 1. 河南财经政法大学资源与环境学院/城乡协调发展河南省协同创新中心,郑州 450046
    2. 河南省城乡空间数据挖掘院士工作站,郑州 450046
    3. 南京财经大学国际经贸学院/江苏产业发展研究院,南京 210023
    4. 江苏师范大学“一带一路”研究院,徐州 221009;
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-31 修回日期:2019-03-13 出版日期:2019-06-25 发布日期:2019-06-20
  • 通讯作者: 陆梦秋 E-mail:lumengqiu3201@163.com
  • 作者简介:文玉钊(1988-), 男, 河南南阳人, 博士, 主要从事区域发展与空间规划研究。E-mail: wenyuzhao2011@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701141);国家自然科学基金项目(41430635);国家自然科学基金项目(41471117);国家自然科学基金项目(41501178)

The characteristics and organizational models of the west circulation network based on the western corridor

WEN Yuzhao1,2,LU Mengqiu3(),LI Xiaojian1,2,CHE Bingqing4,MENG Deyou1,2,SHI Yanwen1,2   

  1. 1. Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development in Henan, College of Resource and Environment, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China
    2. Academician Laboratory for Urban and Rural Spatial Data Mining, Henan Province, Zhengzhou 450046, China
    3. Industry Development Research Institute, International Economic and Trade Institute, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. Belt & Road Institute, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, China;
  • Received:2018-01-31 Revised:2019-03-13 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-06-20
  • Contact: LU Mengqiu E-mail:lumengqiu3201@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701141);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41430635);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41471117);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41501178)

摘要:

“一带一路”倡议促使国家进入全面开放、陆海统筹、门户引领的发展新阶段。相对以往侧重海洋方向上的城市流通网络研究,内陆方向在内容和方法上都有待拓展。构建“流通成本—通达能力与生产外向型程度—市场竞争与政策保护—流通结构与组织模式”分析框架,利用空间分析技术,基于西通道对国家西向流通网络结构特征与货流组织模式进行研究。研究表明:高等级流通节点在最小时间与运费成本路径上,表现出整体上的近似性;流通节点货流生产能力差异显著;构建西向多层级轴—辐物流网络,市场竞争条件下沿海地区尤其是长三角、珠三角节点具有显著的货流规模优势,而地方补贴政策下内陆节点可辐射沿海地区并展开货源竞争;根据节点、线路、流量等方面特征,可提炼出国家西向流通的“三角洲结构”。在筛选出西向流通核心节点群体基础上,提出西向货流组织的四种模式:以顶点城市为主导的统一编组集结模式、以内陆省会城市为主导的货源集结模式、以发达外贸型城市为主导的货源产区发车模式、以重要港口城市为主导的货源集散型模式。西向流通经历了独创、扩散、分散阶段,并将走向整合阶段,西向流通的主导权将最终回归位于优势空间的核心节点城市。

关键词: 西向流通网络, 结构特征, 组织模式, 西通道

Abstract:

"The Belt and Road Initiative" has activated the westward economic and trade route, and the state has entered a new integrated development stage of land and sea. Previous studies mainly focused on ocean-oriented urban circulation network, however the research on the inland-oriented area needs to be expanded in both content and methods. Using spatial analysis, the paper constructed a framework of "circulation cost-accessibility and the ratio of export-oriented trade-market competition and policy protection-circulation structure and organizational models", and conducted research on the structural features of westward circulation network and organizational models of the circulation of goods based on the west corridor. The research finds that the high grade circulation node shows the overall approximation on the path of the minimum time and the cost of the freight, and the production capacity of flow node shows significant difference under the market competition, the coastal areas nodes, especially the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, have significant scale advantages of current flows, but inland nodes with local subsidy policies could radiate the coastal area and launched supply competition. Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Chongqing and Changsha are the best inland nodes of coastal source. According to the characteristics of westward circulation network in the aspects of nodes, lines and flow, the "delta structure" of the country's westward circulation can be extracted. Based on the key nodes of westward circulation network, the paper proposed four patterns: the unified marshalling pattern, key node cities model, "export cities" model and key port cities model. The westward circulation has experienced the initial stage, diffusion stage and dispersed stage, and will enter the integration stage. The leading power of westward circulation will eventually return to the cities located in the advantageous space.

Key words: westward circulation network, structural features, organizational model, the west corridor