地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 989-1001.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201806001

• 城市研究 •    下一篇

基于中资商业银行全球空间扩展的世界城市网络及其影响因素

薛德升(),邹小华   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-25 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-06-04
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作与交流项目(41320104001);中山大学高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(17lgjc04)

The world city network based on the global expansion of Chinese commercial banks and its influencing factors

XUE Desheng(),ZOU Xiaohua   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2017-07-25 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-04
  • Supported by:
    Projects of International Cooperation and Exchanges of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41320104001;The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, No.17lgjc04

摘要:

世界城市及其网络是近20多年来国际上城市研究的重要方向。现有研究主要反映了发达国家高级生产者服务业企业主导下的世界城市网络,针对中国等新兴经济体经济动力影响下的世界城市网络的研究明显不足。以在全球快速扩展中的中资商业银行为对象,利用改进的链锁网络模型,分析了1978年以来中资商业银行境外扩展的时空变化,及其连接下的世界城市网络的空间结构变迁。结果显示:中资商业银行的全球扩展,强化了中国主要城市与西欧和北美核心金融中心城市、全球的区域性门户城市、以及亚太地区的世界城市之间的联系,对不同阶段全球的世界城市网络的发展产生了日益重要的影响。中国的对外经济、人员以及政府间的联系,是影响中资商业银行全球扩展与世界城市网络格局的主要原因。

关键词: 中资商业银行, 全球化, 世界城市网络, 时空过程, 影响因素

Abstract:

World city and world city network are one of the most important topics in international urban studies in the last two decades. The current research of the world city network exclusively reflects a Western corporate-dominated network, which comprises core world cities. However, the hegemony of the Western cities and top world cities is undermined by the globalizing economy of emerging economies. In this more complex nexus of world cities, the diversity and complexity of the world city network with the influence of newly emerging economies are far from revealed. In this research, we take the emerging banking sector of China, one of the biggest economies around the world, as a case study and see how Chinese commercial banks expanded globally and shaped the world city network from 1979 to 2015. A modified interlocking network model is applied as the main method of the research. It is found that the Asia-Pacific region, West Europe, and North America are the key arenas of the global operation of Chinese commercial banks. The oversea affiliations of Chinese commercial banks are highly agglomerated in global financial centers and specialized financial centers, especially those in the three regions mentioned above. Then they expand to the whole world through gateway cities of their respective regions. Based on such global expansion strategies, Chinese commercial banks influence the world city network by intensifying the global connection of Chinese cities, the connectivity of core world cities, and regional city networks of the Asia-Pacific region. China's outward economy, including its foreign direct investment and trade, along with the increasing number of emigrants, are main factors affecting the globalizing Chinese commercial banking network. The intervention of the Chinese government to regulate and facilitate the global expansion of Chinese commercial banks, also makes contribution to the results.

Key words: Chinese commercial banks, globalization, world city network, time and space process, influencing factors

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