地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (11): 1823-1834.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201511011

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黑龙江流域水文地理研究综述

戴长雷1,2(), 王思聪1,2, 李治军1,2, 张一丁1, 高宇1,2, 李冲1   

  1. 1. 黑龙江大学水利电力学院,哈尔滨 150080
    2. 黑龙江大学寒区地下水研究所,哈尔滨 150080
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-05 修回日期:2015-10-30 出版日期:2015-11-20 发布日期:2015-11-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:戴长雷(1978-), 男, 山东郓城人, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事国际河流相关方向的教学与科研工作。E-mail:daichanglei@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    黑龙江省水文局科技项目(2014230101000811);黑龙江省水利厅科技项目(HSKY201317)

Review on hydrological geography in Heilongjiang River Basin

Changlei DAI1,2(), Sicong WANG1,2, Zhijun LI1,2, Yiding ZHANG1, Yu GAO1,2, Chong LI1   

  1. 1. School of Hydraulic and Electric Power, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    2. Institute of Groundwater in Cold Region, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
  • Received:2015-10-05 Revised:2015-10-30 Online:2015-11-20 Published:2015-11-25
  • Supported by:
    Science and Technology Project of Heilongjiang Province Hydrological Bureau, No.2014230101000811;Science and Technology Project of Heilongjiang Province Water Resources Department, No.HSKY201317]

摘要:

本文主要从地理环境、地表水、地下水和水环境4个方面集中对黑龙江流域水文地理研究进行综述。地理环境的研究从气候变化、湖泊湿地、流域区划和流域开发进行说明,近年来该流域气候呈现变暖的趋势,湖泊湿地资源丰富,中俄两侧有众多的保护区和保护对象,水库对其水资源开发利用起到了关键作用。地表水的研究从径流特征和洪水特征进行说明,该流域可以划分为7条支流和1条干流,大气环流异常是2013年其干流出现连续暴雨的直接原因。地下水的研究从水文地质、地下水位和跨国界含水层进行说明,该流域可以划分为9个水文地质分区,地下水位动态变化特征有其特殊性,跨国界含水层问题有待于研究。水环境的研究从地表水环境和地下水环境进行说明,加强流域污水防治工作,提出流域地下水防治措施及应急处理方案。最后对寒区特色水问题等热点问题进行简要探讨。

关键词: 水文地理, 地理环境, 地表水, 地下水, 水环境, 黑龙江

Abstract:

This article reviews the hydrological geography in the Heilongjiang River Basin from four aspects: geographical environment, surface water, groundwater and the water quality. Studies on geographical environment can be illustrated on climate change, lakes and wetlands, watershed regionalization and watershed development. In recent years, the Heilongjiang River Basin has witnessed warming climate, its river basin has abundant lakes and wetland resources, its river basin has numerous protected areas and protected objects on both sides, its reservoirs play a key role for its water resources development and utilization. Studies on surface water can be made on runoff characteristics and flood characteristics. The Heilongjiang River can be divided into seven tributaries and one main stream. Atmospheric circulation anomalies are the direct cause for consecutive torrential rain over the main stream in 2013. Studies on groundwater can be conducted on hydrogeology, groundwater level and trans-boundary aquifers. The Heilongjiang River Basin can be divided into nine hydrogeological zones. The change of the groundwater level has its unique characteristics. Thus, trans-boundary aquifers need to be studied in the future. Studies on water quality can be illustrated on surface water quality and groundwater quality. Prevention and cure work against the polluted water need to be strengthened, groundwater control measures and emergency treatment programs need to be put forward as soon as possible. Finally, hot topics related to surface water quality and groundwater quality are discussed.

Key words: hydrological geography, geographical environment, surface water, groundwater, water quality, Heilongjiang River