地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (8): 1243-1255.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201508005

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上海城中村外来人口的社会融合及其影响因素

汪明峰(), 程红, 宁越敏   

  1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-30 修回日期:2015-02-18 出版日期:2015-08-20 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:汪明峰(1977-), 男, 浙江绍兴人, 副研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110007100M), 主要从事城市地理与区域规划研究。E-mail: mfwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(11JZD028);国家自然科学基金项目(41329001);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(11JJD840015)

Social integration of migrants in Shanghai's urban villages

Mingfeng WANG(), Hong CHENG, Yuemin NING   

  1. Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2014-06-30 Revised:2015-02-18 Online:2015-08-20 Published:2015-09-25
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of Philosophy and Social Sciences Research, Ministry of Education, No.11JZD028;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41329001;Key Project of Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Universities, Ministry of Education, No.11JJD840015

摘要:

基于上海市城中村的实地调查数据,采用因子分析法,构建了外来人口的社会融合维度,并运用多元线性回归方法,从外来人口的个体因素和流入地因素两方面考察了对社会融合及其主因子的影响作用。分析结果表明,城中村外来人口的社会融合由社会关系融合、经济融合、心理融合和文化融合4个维度构成。从因子得分来看,上海城中村的社会融合程度总体水平并不高;在各个维度上,从社会关系、心理、文化到经济的融合程度依次降低。总体而言,流入地因素对于城中村外来人口社会融合的影响作用要大于个体层面因素。其中,个体层次因素对心理融合因子的解释力度最大,而流入地因素则对经济融合因子和社会关系融合因子的解释力度都较大。研究还表明外来人口的社会融合状况与其居住社会空间紧密相关。最后,提供了相关政策启示。

关键词: 城市外来人口, 社会融合, 城中村, 影响因素, 上海

Abstract:

Through questionnaire investigation and factor analysis, this paper attempts to explore the status of social integration of migrants in Shanghai's urban villages. The results show that social integration of migrants can be mapped on four dimensions: social relation integration, economic integration, psychological integration, and cultural integration. According to the factor scores, the overall level of social integration of migrants is not so high, and economic integration is the lowest one. Furthermore, the results of multiple linear regression analysis show that, on the whole, the inflow factors of migrants exert more influence on social integration in urban villages than the individual factors. The individual factors play the most important roles in determining the status of psychological integration, while the inflow factors are more helpful to explain the variation in both economic integration and social relation integration. The study also shows that the social integration of migrants is closely related to their living space. Finally, some policies are suggested.

Key words: rural migrants, social integration, urban villages, influencing factors