地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (8): 1187-1201.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201508001

• •    下一篇

基于功能区的行政区划调整研究——以绍兴城市群为例

顾朝林1(), 王颖2, 邵园3, 顾江4   

  1. 1. 清华大学建筑学院,北京 100084
    2. 中国城市规划设计研究院,北京 100044
    3. 美国南加州政府洛杉矶大都市区域统筹规划局,美国 南加州
    4. 日本東北大学大学院理学部理学研究科地学研究室,日本
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-23 修回日期:2015-01-27 出版日期:2015-08-20 发布日期:2015-09-24
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:顾朝林(1958-), 男, 江苏靖江人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要研究方向为城市与区域规划。E-mail: gucl@tsinghua.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDA026);国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAL04B01);国家863计划项目(2013AA122302)成果

Research on administrative divisions based on functional areas analysis: A case of Shaoxing metropolitan area

Chaolin GU1(), Ying WANG2, Yuan SHAO3, Jiang GU4   

  1. 1. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2. China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing 100044, China
    3. Southern California Association of Governments, USA
    4. Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Japan
  • Received:2014-12-23 Revised:2015-01-27 Online:2015-08-20 Published:2015-09-24
  • Supported by:
    Major Projects of National Social Science Foundation of China, No.14ZDA026;National Science and Technology Support Program, No.2014BAL04B01;Projects of National High-tech Research, No.2013AA122302

摘要:

本文构建了基于功能区的行政区划调整研究框架。首先,运用功能区思想,以大城市地区的街道或乡镇为空间单元,采集相关的自然、历史、文化、产业、客流和信息流数据,进行要素功能区的分析,准确获取不同层次相互依赖的功能空间单元,使城市在空间上充分适应和支撑多变的社会经济环境,为城市的多样性提供充分的弹性空间依据。其次,在城市基层单元的要素功能区的基础上,进一步采用因子分析和聚类分析方法,进行城市功能区的划分,可以为行政区划调整提供基于城市功能区有机的空间组织科学依据。在上述行政区划调整研究框架的基础上,以绍兴市为例进行了案例研究,结果表明,绍兴市域内自然、文化功能区清晰,块状经济特征明显,基层区之间的经济、文化、通勤和信息联系已经突破现在的市县行政区边界,按照综合功能区的思想进行行政区划调整。总体上说,基于功能区的行政区划调整,对大城市地区或城市群地区,保证其物质环境和社会空间的快速和谐发展,有效利用资源,具有重要的科学意义和实用价值。

关键词: 功能区, 空间组织, 行政区划调整, 城市群, 绍兴市

Abstract:

This paper established a research framework for administrative divisions based on functional areas analysis. Firstly, data related to natural conditions, history, socio-economy, transportation and information across Shaoxing are anchored to several small geographical units - blocks or small towns, which forms the basis to identify the interdependence between the units from different levels, and provides the proof of spatial flexibility for urban diversity. Subsequent analysis was concentrated on the division of functional areas through factor analysis and cluster analysis, which provides scientific foundation for the re-organization of the functional areas. On the basis of the research framework, with Shaoxing city as an example, the study indicates that the geographic, socio-economic, transportation and information connections between current administrative districts in Shaoxing have already broken through the limitation of administrative demarcation. Administrative divisions based on functional areas should be enhanced to further stimulate regional development. On the one hand, this approach ensures the accordance between administrative divisions and functional areas, which will facilitate the regional integration and socio-economic development; on the other hand, the administrative divisions dispel the shielding effect of segmentation between natural system and socio-economic system, which would exert positive influence for Shaoxing on promoting the development of surrounding areas. In all, this paper concludes that the administrative divisions based on the analysis of the function areas has exceptional importance and significance on the fast proceeding of physical environmental and socio-economic development.

Key words: functional area, spatial re-organization, administrative divisions, urban agglomerations, Shaoxing City