• 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究,南京210008;
    2. Universitaet Koeln, Germany;
    3. 中国浦东干部学院,上海210204
虞孝感, 研究员. E-mail: xgyu@niglas.ac.cn

收稿日期: 2007-07-03

  修回日期: 2007-08-12

  网络出版日期: 2007-09-25



Recommendations of Eutrophication Control of Taihu Lake from an International View

  • 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Universitaet Koeln, Germany;
    3. China Executive Leadership Academy, Pudong 201204, Shanghai, China

Received date: 2007-07-03

  Revised date: 2007-08-12

  Online published: 2007-09-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571058


湖泊富营养化已经成为影响湖泊流域社会经济可持续发展的因素之一,应该充分认识目前我国湖泊富营养化问题的普遍性以及解决问题的迫切性。从国际湖泊富营养化治理的经验看,有效地控制面源和点源污染仍然是湖泊富营养化治理的重要前提;颁布严格的保护水资源的法律,确保饮用水安全是重中之重;应建立全流域统一的水资源保护合作机制,特别是注重把流域综合管理的思想引入湖泊富营养化治理;制定长期的湖泊富营养化治理计划, 细化具体的阶段治理目标。坚持湖泊治理的方向,不能放弃太湖的治理。


虞孝感, Josef Nipper, 燕乃玲 . 从国际治湖经验探讨太湖富营养化的治理[J]. 地理学报, 2007 , 62(9) : 899 -906 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200709001


Eutrophication of lakes has exerted unfavorable impacts on social and economic development in the lake catchments of China. Much attention should be paid to the urgency of this issue. According to the international experiences, how to control effectively the point and non-point pollution is of highest priority in eutrophication control of lakes. Drinking water safety should be highlighted through enforcing freshwater protection laws. A unified freshwater protection mechanism for the whole catchment should be set up. The important steps are: taking watershed integrated management into account in eutrophication control of lakes, and drawing up a long-term working plan and periodic goals. For the Taihu Lake, we should persist in the control effort and never abandon restoration of its water environment.


[1] OECD. Eutrophication of Waters: Monitoring, Assessment and Control. Final Report, OECD Cooperative Program on Monitoring of Inland Waters (Eutroph ication Control), Environment Directorate, OECD, Paris, 1982. 154.

[2] Li Shijie. An approach to accellerating innovative development of the lake science. Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006, 21(5): 399-405.
[李世杰. 应重视湖泊科学的建设与发展. 中国科学院院刊, 2006, 21(5): 399-405.]

[3] Wang Tongsheng. Water resources protection for Rhine River and management of the river basin. Water Resources Protection, 2002, 4: 60-62.
[王同生. 莱茵河的水资源保护和流域治理. 水资源保护, 2002, 4: 60-62.]

[4] Naber G. Wassergewinnung aus dem Bodensee. Wasserwirtschaft, 1990, 80: 1-6. (in German)

[5] Fujinaga T, Hori T. Environmental Chemistry of Lake Biwa. Tokyo: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 1982. (in Japanese)

[6] Herodek S. The Eutrophication of Lake Balaton: Measurements, Modeling and Management. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 1984, 22: 1087-1091.

[7] Cheng Xiaoying, Li Shijie. The eutrophication progress and characteristics of lakes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2006, 51(7): 848-855.
[成小英,李世杰.长江中下游典型湖泊富营养化 演变过程及其特征分析. 科学通报, 2006, 51(7): 848-855.]

[8] Tatuo K, Nakamura M. Environmental management of Lake Biwa and its catchment area with special reference to the control of eutrophication. In: Sund Horst, Hans-Henning Stabel, Walter Geller et al. (eds.). Environmental Protection and Lake Ecosystems. Nanjing: China Science and Technology Press, 1993. 83.

[9] Shu Jinhua, Huang Wenyu. Studies on the classification of trophic types of China's lakes. Journal of Lake Sciences, 1996, 8(3): 193-200.
[舒金华, 黄文钰. 中国湖泊营养类型的分类研究. 湖泊科学, 1996, 8(3) :193-200.]

[10] Jin Xiangcan et al. Eutrophication of Lakes in China. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 1990. 13.
[金相灿 等. 中国湖泊富营养化. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 1990. 13.]

[11] Xie Hongbin, Yu Xiaogan, Zhang Yunlin. Preliminary study on the coincidence relationship between water environment and human activity in Taihu Lake. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze River, 2001, 10(5): 393-400.
[谢红彬, 虞孝感, 张运林. 太湖流域水环境演变与人类活动耦合关系. 长江流域资源与环境, 2001, 10(5): 393-400.]

[12] Hu Bibin. Analysis on effect of water pollution in Lake Taihu Basin on water quality of Lake Taihu. Shanghai Environmental Sciences, 2003, (12): 1017-1021.
[胡必彬. 太湖流域水污染对太湖水质的影响分析. 上海环境科学, 2003, (12): 1017-1021.]

[13] Lin ZeXin. Analysis of water environmental change in Taihu Watershed. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2002, 14 (2): 97-103.
[林泽新. 太湖流域水环境变化及缘由分析. 湖泊科学, 2002,14 (2): 97-103.]

[14] Fu L, Shu T, Xu Z R. The restoration of reparian wetlands and macrophytes in Lake Chao, an eutrophic Chinese lake: Possibilities and effects. Hydrobiologia, 1999, 405: 169-178.

[15] He Kaili. Study of eutrophication control in Chao Lake. Environmental Protection, 2002, (4): 22-24.
[何开丽. 巢湖富 营养化现状与治理对策. 环境保护, 2002, (4): 22-24.]

[16] Jorgensen S E, Vollenweider R A. Guidelines of Lake Management (Vol.1): Principles of Lake Management. International Lake Environment Committee and The United Nations Environment Programme, 1989.

[17] Environmental Monitoring Centre of Jiangxi Province. Monthly Reports of Water Quality in Focus Watershed, 2005, (12).
[江西省环境监测中心站. 重点流域水质月报, 2005 年第12 期.]

[18] Zhang Yunlin, Qin Boqiang. Study on the evolvement of water environment in Taihu Lake. Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology, 2001, (2): 8-15.
[张运林, 秦伯强. 太湖水环境的演变研究. 海洋湖沼通报, 2001, (2): 8-15.]

[19] Fan Chengxin. Historical evolution of water ecological setting in Taihu Lake. Journal of Lake Sciences, 1996, 8(4):297-304.
[范成新.太湖水体生态环境历史演变. 湖泊科学, 1996, 8(4): 297-304.]

[20] Goldman C R, Byron E R. Changing Water Quality at Lake Tahoe: The First Five Years of the Lake Tahoe Interagency Monitoring Program. Tahoe Research Group, Inst. Ecology, Univ. California, Davis, 1986.

[21] Muller H. Lake Constance: A Model for Water Restoration in International Cooperation. In: Sund Horst, Hans-Henning Stabel, Walter Geller, Yu Xiaogan, Yuan Kechang, and She Fening (eds.). Environmental Protection and Lake Ecosystems. Nanjing: China Science and Technology Press. 1993.

[22] Kadota H, Nakanishi M, Yoshida Y et al. Occurrence of Freshwater Red Tide in Lake Biwa. Tokyo: Freshwater Red Tide, 1987. 175-245.

[23] Zhou Xiuwei, Jiang Yaoci, Wang Xuejun. Effect of emission control on water quality of the Taihu Lake. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 2001, 17(1): 44-47.
[周修炜, 江耀慈, 王学军. 太湖零点行动前后水质状况对比分 析. 生态与农村环境学报, 2001, 17(1): 44-47.]

[24] Huang Wenyu, Yang Guishan. Environmental effects of "Zero" actions in Taihu Lake. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2002, 14(1): 67-71.
[黄文钰, 杨桂山. 太湖流域" 零点" 行动的环境效果分析. 湖泊科学, 2002, 14(1): 67-71.]

[25] Hu Weiping. Bloom-forming Cyanobacteria pollution in Taihu Lake is a multi-factor generated accident. Science Times, 2007-06-12, http://www.sciencenet.cn/sbhtmlnews/200761205447247181762.html.
[胡维平. 太湖蓝藻水华污染 是多因素所致突发事件. 科学时报, 2007-06-12, http://www.sciencenet.cn/sbhtmlnews/200761205447247181762.html.]

[26] Xu Gang, Zhu Zhenguo, Huang Jianguang et al. Effects of socio-economic development on the water environment in Wuxi City, Taihu Watershed. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2002, 14(2): 173-179.
[许刚, 朱振国, 黄建光等. 无锡市社会 经济发展对水环境的影响. 湖泊科学, 2002, 14 (2): 173-179.]

[27] Qin Boqiang. Approaches to mechanisms and control of eutrophication of shallow lakes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2002, 14(3): 194-202.
[秦伯强. 长江中下游浅水湖泊富营养 化发生机制与控制途径初探. 湖泊科学, 2002, 14(3):194-202.]

[28] Dou Hongshen, Jiang Jiahu. The Five Freshwater Lakes in China. Hefei: Press of USTC, 2003.
[窦鸿身, 姜家虎. 中国 五大淡水湖. 合肥: 中国科学技术大学出版社, 2003.]

[29] Wu Haoyun. Practices and inspiration of water diversion experiments from the Yangtze to Taihu. China Water Resources, 2004, (5): 45-47.
[吴浩云. 引江济太调水试验的实践与启示. 中国水利, 2004, (5): 45-47.]

[30] Chen Hesheng. restoration project of the ecosystem in Tai Lake. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 2001, 10(2): 173-178.
[陈荷生. 太湖生态修复治理工程. 长江流域资源与环境, 2001, 10(2): 173-178.]

[31] Liao Wengen, Peng Jing, Luo Huihuang. Some consideration on water pollution prevention strategy for Taihu Lake. Journal of China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, 2005, 3(1): 6-10.
[廖文根, 彭静, 骆辉煌. 关 于太湖流域水污染防治策略的思考. 中国水利水电科学研究院学报, 2005, 3(1): 6-10.]