地理学报 ›› 1962, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 187-202.doi: 10.11821/xb196203002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

古代鉴湖兴废与山会平原农田水利

陈桥驿   

  1. 杭州大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1962-07-15 发布日期:1962-07-15
  • 基金资助:

THE ANCIENT LAKE CHIEN-HU WITH SPECIAL REGARD TO ITS ROLE IN THE AGRICULTURE OF THE SHAN-HWEI PLAIN

CHEN CHIAO-YI   

  1. Hangchow University
  • Published:1962-07-15 Online:1962-07-15

摘要: 鉴湖又称镜湖,还有南湖、长湖、大湖、贺监湖等许多别名,是长江以南最古老的大型农田水利工程之一。由于其对古代山会平原农田水利上的重要作用,因而成为我国东南地区历史上的著名湖泊。

关键词:

Abstract: Lake Chien-Hu, or the Lake of Mirror, was one of the ancient reservoirs to the southeast of Hangchow, Chekiang. Its dikes totally 63.5 km long plus a series of locks dammed up the several rivers flowing northward from the Kwei-Chi Hills and formed a large lake with a surface of about 206 square kilometers. For about 800 years since its completion in the East Han Dynasty, the reservoir checked the monsoonal floods and facilitated the irrigation works over the Shan-Hwei plain to the south shore of the Bay of Hangchow. Then, fluvial deposit raised the reservoir bottom and, during the early Sung Dynasty, it had become so shallow in some parts, that people began to reclaim paddy Melds by embankments. The continuance of these processes, natural and 'human, further reduced the water surface, uatil the whole reservoir was finally filled up in the South Sung Dynasty.