地理学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (7): 1659-1665.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202307007

• 院士论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国水文地理研究的回顾与展望

周成虎1,3(), 于静洁2,3   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2023-04-20 修回日期:2023-07-12 出版日期:2023-07-25 发布日期:2023-08-01
  • 作者简介:周成虎(1964-), 江苏南通人, 中国科学院院士, 主要从事遥感与地理信息系统应用基础研究。E-mail: zhouch@lreis.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2021YFB3900900)

Review and prospects of hydrographic research in China

ZHOU Chenghu1,3(), YU Jingjie2,3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2023-04-20 Revised:2023-07-12 Published:2023-07-25 Online:2023-08-01
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2021YFB3900900)

摘要:

1949年以来中国水文地理研究经历了4个重要的发展阶段,分别为河流水文主导时期、区域水文与实验水文快速发展时期、水资源与水环境主导时期和水系统综合与学科交叉融合研究时期。中国水文地理研究在河流水文与水文区划、水文实验与水文分析、水循环机理与水文模型、水系统和社会经济综合研究等方面取得了系列原创性成果。本文梳理了水文地理学不同发展阶段的研究特点,以在学科发展和服务国家等方面起到重要作用的科研工作和系列成果为例,回顾中国水文地理研究的历程,希望以此启发当代水文地理学研究,促进水文地理青年学者的成长。

关键词: 水文地理, 实验水文, 河流水文, 水文模型

Abstract:

Since the founding of New China in 1949, Chinese hydrography has gone through four major development stages, and a series of original achievements have been made in river hydrology and hydrological planning, hydrological experiments and hydrological analysis, water cycle mechanism and hydrological modeling, and comprehensive research on water systems and socioeconomics. This study describes the research characteristics of different development stages of hydrography and reviews the history of hydrographic research in China, aiming to inspire contemporary hydrographic research and promote the growth of young scholars in hydrography.

Key words: hydrography, experimental hydrology, river hydrology, hydrological modeling