地理学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (7): 1599-1607.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202307002

• 院士论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

流域“自然—社会”二元水循环与水资源研究

王浩(), 牛存稳(), 赵勇   

  1. 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室,北京 100038
  • 收稿日期:2023-03-08 修回日期:2023-07-16 出版日期:2023-07-25 发布日期:2023-08-01
  • 通讯作者: 牛存稳(1979-), 男, 河南滑县人, 正高级工程师, 主要从事水文学与水资源研究。E-mail: niucw@iwhr.com
  • 作者简介:王浩(1953-), 男, 北京人, 正高级工程师, 中国工程院院士, 博士生导师, 主要从事水文学与水资源研究。E-mail: wanghao@iwhr.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2021YFC3201105)

Natural-artificial dualistic water cycle in river basins and water resources research

WANG Hao(), NIU Cunwen(), ZHAO Yong   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2023-03-08 Revised:2023-07-16 Published:2023-07-25 Online:2023-08-01
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2021YFC3201105)

摘要:

随着人类文明的进步,用水量持续增加,流域水循环受高强度人类活动的影响越来越深刻,呈现出复杂的“自然—社会”二元特征。本文阐述了流域“自然—社会”二元水循环理论的提出、科学问题和框架体系,并从二元水循环的视角剖析了水资源“资源、环境、生态、社会、经济”五维属性的科学内涵,提出了基于二元水循环理论的关键技术,总结了水资源研究的前沿方向和发展趋势。本文可为流域水循环研究、水文地理研究、水文水资源学科发展起到推动作用,为国家水安全保障、国家水网建设等重大实践提供技术支撑。

关键词: 社会水循环, 二元水循环, 水文学, 水资源研究, 水安全保障

Abstract:

The water cycle in a river basin has been increasingly influenced by intense human activities along with the progress of human civilization and continuously growing water intake, revealing itself to complex natural-artificial dualistic characteristics. This study elaborates on the origin and development, scientific issues, and framework system of the natural-artificial dualistic water cycle theory in a river basin, as well as the scientific connotation of five dimensional attributes of water resources from the new perspective of dualistic water cycle, i.e. resources, environment, ecology, society, and economy. After that, key technologies based on the dualistic water cycle theory are proposed, and the frontier directions and development trends of research on water resources are summarized. This study intends to promote the research on water cycle in the river basin, hydrography, and the subject of hydrology and water resources.

Key words: artificial water cycle, dualistic water cycle, hydrology, water resources, water security assurance