地理学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (7): 1593-1598.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202307001

• 院士论坛 •    下一篇

从地球系统圈层互馈与地理综合角度探讨水循环研究

刘昌明1,2,3(), 刘小莽1   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室,北京100101
    2.北京师范大学水科学研究院,北京100875
    3.中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心,石家庄 050022
  • 收稿日期:2023-02-14 修回日期:2023-06-19 出版日期:2023-07-25 发布日期:2023-08-01
  • 作者简介:刘昌明(1934-), 男, 湖南汨罗人, 中国科学院院士, 研究方向为水文学与水资源。E-mail: liucm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41922050)

Water cycle research from the perspective of earth system's sphere feedback and geographic synthesis

LIU Changming1,2,3(), LIU Xiaomang1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, CAS, Shijiazhuang 050022, China
  • Received:2023-02-14 Revised:2023-06-19 Published:2023-07-25 Online:2023-08-01
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41922050)

摘要:

地球是一个由岩石圈、土壤圈、水圈、生物圈、大气圈等层圈组成的系统,水循环过程是这些圈层间联系的纽带,维持良性水循环是实现可持续发展的关键所在。水循环不是一个独立的自然过程,水问题的解决方案往往涉及到地球系统的各个圈层和经济社会的方方面面。本文以森林与水的关系、水循环变化预估、水循环综合研究这3个话题为例,尝试从地球系统的角度探讨水循环研究。

关键词: 地球系统, 圈层互馈, 水循环过程

Abstract:

The earth is a system consisting of lithosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere, and the water cycle process is the link between these spheres. Maintaining a healthy water cycle is key to achieving sustainable development. The water cycle is not an independent natural process, and solutions to water problems associated with the water cycle typically involve all spheres of the earth system and all aspects of the economy and society. In this study, we discuss the water cycle research from the perspective of the earth system, taking the three topics of forest-water relationship, water cycle change prediction, and comprehensive water cycle research as examples, for the reference of water science colleagues.

Key words: earth system, sphere feedback, water cycle