地理学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (3): 558-571.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202303004

• 理论与方法探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域发展的地理学基础评估及其指标体系构建

王铮1,2,3,4(), 耿文均5, 夏海斌1, 吴静2,3, 刘清春6, 顾高翔5, 田园2,3, 戴霄晔1, 吴乐英4, 余方琳4   

  1. 1.华东师范大学地理信息科学教育部重点实验室,上海 200241
    2.中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院,北京 100190
    3.中国科学院大学公共政策与管理学院,北京 100049
    4.河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心,开封 475001
    5.华东师范大学人口研究所,上海 200241
    6.山东财经大学经济学院,济南 250014
  • 收稿日期:2022-05-09 修回日期:2023-02-10 出版日期:2023-03-25 发布日期:2023-03-27
  • 作者简介:王铮(1954-), 男, 云南陆良人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 研究方向为理论地理学、计算地理学和政策模拟。E-mail: wangzheng@mail.casipm.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(18ZDA132)

Geographical basis assessment of regional development and its construction of index system

WANG Zheng1,2,3,4(), GENG Wenjun5, XIA Haibin1, WU Jing2,3, LIU Qingchun6, GU Gaoxiang5, TIAN Yuan2,3, DAI Xiaoye1, WU Leying4, YU Fanglin4   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, Ministry of Education of China, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2. Institutes of Science and Development, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
    3. School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization & Sustainable Development, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
    5. Institute of Population Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    6. School of Economics, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China
  • Received:2022-05-09 Revised:2023-02-10 Published:2023-03-25 Online:2023-03-27
  • Supported by:
    Major Project of National Social Science Foundation of China(18ZDA132)

摘要:

本文总结了2004—2022年间对中国艰苦边远地区范围和类别划分的管理理论认识。作为一种地理学理论探索,首先聚焦中国艰苦边远地区存在的地理学基础及其发展可能性。在方法学上,研究了区域产出与区域特征要素的关系,从自然地理环境、交通区位、社会发展等方面界定了地理学三大本性内涵,科学地构建了区域发展的评价指标体系,并开发了相关地理信息科学数据挖掘方法。研究得到的重要发现是,在现代区域发展中,区域第一地理学本性依赖的第一类地理要素,其重要性接近70%,区域第二地理学本性依赖的第二类地理要素的贡献率接近17%,正在发展的第三次产业革命依赖的第三类地理要素贡献约达到了13%,验证了第一本性的地理要素在区域发展中发挥了重要作用,意味着区域发展面临第一本性地理要素的锁定效应和地理工程改造的必要性,要实现区域创新发展需要依赖三个地理本性的进化作用。当前中国区域发展到了需要重点提高人均受教育水平、发展区域信息化能力的社会创新发展阶段,其政策关键是推进区域新型城镇化和提升乡村振兴。

关键词: 区域评估, 指标体系, 区域本性, 艰苦边远性, 数据挖掘, Banach空间

Abstract:

This paper summarizes the authors' theoretical understanding of management over the past two decades on the scope and classification of less developed areas in China. As a theoretical exploration of geography, we first focus on the geographical basis and development possibilities of less developed areas in China. In terms of methodology, we have studied the relationship between regional output and regional characteristic elements, defined the three geographical natures from the aspects of natural geographical environment, traffic, location, social development, etc., scientifically constructed an evaluation index system for regional development, and developed related geographic information science data mining methods. The important finding is that in modern regional development, the importance of the first nature factors is close to 70%, the contribution rate of the second nature factors is about 17%, and that of the third nature factors that triggered the third industrial revolution is about 13%. This verifies that the first nature factors play an important role in regional development, which means that regional development faces the locking effect of the first nature and the necessity of geographic engineering transformation. To achieve regional innovation and development, it is necessary to rely on the evolution of geographical natures. At present, China's regional development has been in the innovative development stage of improving the per capita education level and developing regional informatization, and the key to the policy is to promote new urbanization and enhance rural revitalization.

Key words: regional governance, index system, regional natures, roughness and remoteness, data mining, Banach space