地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (10): 2224-2240.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202010013

• 农业与乡村地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

宁夏生态移民村空间剥夺测度及影响因素

胡西武1(), 刘小鹏5, 黄越6, 黄立军2,3,4(), 东梅2   

  1. 1.青海民族大学经济与管理学院,西宁 810007
    2.宁夏大学经济管理学院,银川 750021
    3.宁夏大学西部发展研究中心,银川 750021
    4.宁夏乡村振兴战略研究中心,银川 750021
    5.宁夏大学资源环境学院,银川 750021
    6.宁夏大学科技处,银川 750021
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-29 修回日期:2020-08-30 出版日期:2020-10-25 发布日期:2020-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 黄立军
  • 作者简介:胡西武(1973-), 男, 湖北荆州人, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事生态经济、空间经济及可持续发展研究。E-mail: 2827617701@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42061033);国家自然科学基金项目(41761025);国家自然科学基金项目(71663041);国家民委民族研究一般项目(2020-GMB-028);宁夏大学民族学一流学科建设项目(NDMZX2017001);宁夏大学理论经济学一流学科(NXYLXK2017B04);宁夏大学社会科学重大项目(SKZX2017004)

Measurement of spatial deprivation of eco-migrant villages and its impact factors in Ningxia

HU Xiwu1(), LIU Xiaopeng5, HUANG Yue6, HUANG Lijun2,3,4(), DONG Mei2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Qinghai Nationalities University, Xining 810007, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    3. Center for Western Development Research, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    4. Ningxia Rural Revitalization Strategy Research Center, Yinchuan 750021, China
    5. College of Resources and Environmental Science, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    6. Science and Technology Department, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
  • Received:2019-05-29 Revised:2020-08-30 Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-12-25
  • Contact: HUANG Lijun
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42061033);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41761025);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71663041);General Project of State Ethnic Affair Commission of China(2020-GMB-028);Ningxia University Ethnology First-class Discipline(NDMZX2017001);Ningxia University Theoretical Economics First-class Discipline(NXYLXK2017B04);Ningxia University Social Science Major Project(SKZX2017004)

摘要:

生态移民村是一种具有扶贫脱贫与生态保护双重意义的特殊乡村类型,是乡村振兴不可或缺的重要对象。在空间重构过程中形成的空间剥夺现象,是当前生态移民村全面振兴面临的一个新问题。为探究生态移民村空间剥夺规律,以宁夏70个生态移民村2017年相关数据为基础,构建了以收入就业、教育培训、社会生活、居住环境及公共服务可达性为主要内容的空间剥夺指标体系并进行水平测度,进而运用地理加权回归和地理探测器对其影响因子进行探测。结果显示:① 宁夏生态移民村空间剥夺整体水平较低,但总指数均值相对于非生态移民村显著高出0.023;② 宁夏生态移民村空间剥夺时空分异特征明显,总指数均值在时间上呈现“先较低—后上升—再下降”趋势,在空间上呈现“北部低—中部高—南部次高”分布;③ 民族构成、地形地貌、移民时段、依托资源和经济区带是影响生态移民村空间剥夺的重要因子,前3项对空间剥夺总指数的解释力分别达到了22.4%、10.6%和14.0%。空间剥夺水平测度为生态移民生产生活评价和政策调整完善提供新的客观依据,相关部门可据此优化调节生态移民村空间资源配置,增加其获取资源的能力和机会,推动生态移民村全面振兴。

关键词: 生态移民村, 空间剥夺, 地理探测, 乡村重构, 乡村振兴

Abstract:

Eco-migrant village is a special type of village with the dual significance of poverty alleviation and ecological protection, as well as the indispensable and crucial object for rural revitalization. The spatial deprivation (SD), which resulted from the process of spatial reconstruction, is a new problem emerging in the course of eco-migrant villages revitalization and sustainable development. In order to explore the rule of the SD, this paper constructs a spatial deprivation index (SDI) system with income and employment, education and training, social life, living environment and accessibility of public services as the main contents, based on the data of 70 eco-migrant villages (EMV) of Ningxia in 2017, calculates EMVs' SDI value, and detects the impact factors by geographical weighted regression and GeoDetector. The results show that: (1) the overall level of SD of EMVs is low, but the total index means is 0.023 higher than that of non-EMVs. (2) The spatial and temporal variations of EMVs' SDI are obvious, presenting a time trend of "low - rise - decline" and a spatial distribution pattern of "the lowest in the north - the highest in the middle - the second highest in the south". (3) Ethnic composition, terrain and landform, migration period, essential resources and economic zone are critical factors affecting the SD of EMVs, in which the first three have explanatory capacity of the total SDI, being 22.4%, 10.6% and 14.0%, respectively. SD measurement provides a new objective basis for evaluating production and life of eco-migrants, adjusting and refining policies, so that relevant departments can optimize and reallocate the spatial resources of EMVs to increase their ability and opportunities, and promote the overall revitalization of EMVs.

Key words: eco-migrant village, spatial deprivation, geographical detection, rural reconstruction, rural revitalization