地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (2): 365-381.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202002011

• 农业与乡村发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村发展与重构格局特征及振兴路径——以广西为例

屠爽爽1,2, 郑瑜晗2,3, 龙花楼2,3(), 万诗梦4, 梁小丽4, 王炜4   

  1. 1. 南宁师范大学北部湾环境演变与资源利用教育部重点实验室,南宁 530001
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京100049
    4. 南宁师范大学地理科学与规划学院,南宁 530001
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-14 修回日期:2020-01-08 出版日期:2020-02-25 发布日期:2020-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 龙花楼
  • 作者简介:屠爽爽(1982-), 女, 河南周口人, 博士, 讲师, 硕士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110006336A), 研究方向为乡村转型发展与土地利用。E-mail:tuss@nnnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901207);国家自然科学基金项目(41971216);国家自然科学基金项目(41731286);中国博士后科学基金项目(2018M630197);广西壮族自治区八桂学者工程专项经费

Spatio-temporal pattern of rural development and restructuring and regional path of rural vitalization in Guangxi, China

TU Shuangshuang1,2, ZHENG Yuhan2,3, LONG Hualou2,3(), WAN Shimeng4, LIANG Xiaoli4, WANG Wei4   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf, Nanning Normal University, the Ministry of Education, Nanning 530001, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. School of Geography and Planning, Nanning Normal University, Nanning 530001, China
  • Received:2019-10-14 Revised:2020-01-08 Online:2020-02-25 Published:2020-04-25
  • Contact: LONG Hualou
  • Supported by:
    Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901207);Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971216);Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41731286);The Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China(2018M630197);The BaGui Scholars Program of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

摘要:

乡村重构是实施推进乡村振兴战略的重要手段,系统开展典型地区乡村发展与重构的格局特征及问题识别研究,是新阶段面向乡村振兴战略需求科学施策的基础。以广西为案例地,基于熵值法支持下的TOPSIS模型,分时段综合评价全区乡村发展水平和乡村重构强度的格局特征,识别乡村发展与重构的问题区域,探讨实现乡村振兴的调控路径。结果表明:研究期内广西乡村发展水平快速提升,乡村地域正在由相对均质走向异质发展态势;各研究时段经济、社会、空间重构强度均值逐渐增大,经济重构愈发加快,空间重构后来居上但仍相对滞后;经济—社会—空间重构耦合度和协调度均值逐渐提升,但当前协调水平仍然不高。基于上述研究,识别出乡村发展与重构存在若干问题的7类计37个县域,问题区域的形成折射着地理环境影响的痕迹,是社会经济要素变化背景下地形地貌、区位条件、资源条件、经济基础、行为主体、区域政策多种因素综合作用的结果。乡村地域的健康发展有赖于经济—社会—空间的协调耦合,乡村振兴的实现既需要从宏观层面统筹谋划乡村重构的区域路径,还需要针对问题区域及其关键领域研制促进乡村社会经济发展和空间优化的调控措施。

关键词: 乡村发展, 乡村重构, 乡村振兴, 乡村地域系统, 乡村地理学

Abstract:

Rural restructuring is an important means of implementing and pushing forward the strategy of rural vitalization. Systematic research on the characteristics and problems of rural development and restructuring in typical areas is the basis of developing scientific policies facing the strategic needs of rural vitalization in the new era. Taking Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region as a case, based on the TOPSIS model supported by entropy method, this paper analyzes the spatio-temporal pattern of rural development level and restructuring intensity, identifies the problem regions of rural development and restructuring, and explores the regional path of rural vitalization. The results show that, during the research period, the level of rural development in Guangxi has been rapidly improved, and the development of rural territory is moving from relative homogeneity towards heterogeneity. The average intensity of economic, social and spatial restructuring increases gradually in each research period, and economic restructuring is accelerating, while spatial restructuring is still lagging behind. The average coupling and coordination degree of economic, social and spatial restructuring has gradually improved, but the current level of coordination is still not high. Based on the above research, 37 counties in 7 categories are identified with problems in rural development and restructuring. The formation of problem regions reflects the impact of geographical environment, and is the result of the interaction of various factors such as terrain conditions, location conditions, natural resources, economic foundation, population quality and regional policies under the background of changes in socio-economic elements. The sustainable development in rural areas depends on the economic-social-spatial coordination, and the implementation of rural vitalization strategy in Guangxi requires not only the overall planning of the regional path of rural restructuring from the macro level, but also the regulatory measures to promote rural socio-economic development and spatial restructuring for problem regions.

Key words: rural development, rural restructuring, rural vitalization, rural territorial system, rural geography