地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (2): 353-365.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201902011

• 文化与旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州河涌的自然社会构建与城市记忆

王敏1(),赵美婷1,朱竑2()   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
    2. 广州大学华南人文地理与城市发展研究中心,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-31 出版日期:2019-02-25 发布日期:2019-01-29
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871127, 41630635, 41601133)

The construction and memory of urban nature: A cultural geographic analysis of urban rivers in Guangzhou

WANG Min1(),ZHAO Meiting1,ZHU Hong2()   

  1. 1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. Centre for Human Geography and Urban Development, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2017-10-31 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-01-29
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41871127, No.41630635, No.41601133

摘要:

基于网络文本、访谈和照片评定等数据,本文采用NVivo分析方法对广州河涌案例展开分析,讨论了城市自然的社会建构与城市记忆之间的互动机制。研究发现,城市自然资源的功能随着社会经济条件变化而变化,并通过人的实践与社会系统彼此渗透、共同演化。具体来讲,以广州河涌为例,本文指出河涌的社会建构很大程度上反映了城市职能和物质形态的演变,反映了物质的利用方式及其与城市文化之间的关系;此外,城市居民与河涌的互动是文化生产的一种方式,在这个过程中,河涌是地方文化的物质承载者,也是维系地方感的重要物质载体;最后,河涌是城市居民产生记忆及其身体实践的重要物质场域,通过此类物理的沉淀,城市记忆才得以传承和保存下去。研究立足于物质地理学视角,强调了自然资源的社会建构过程,重新审视了人类与自然资源的互动关系及过程,进而反思城市发展与自然之间的处理方式,从实证角度回应了文化地理学从“唯物主义”到“文化表征”再回到“重返物质主义”这个轮回对“物质”和“文化”这两个核心概念的审视。从现实意义来讲,本文讨论了城市居民与城市自然之间的互动,为营造健康城市以及为城市再生产的发展思路提供了一定的参考价值。

关键词: 自然的社会建构, 物质地理, 城市记忆, 河涌, 视觉方法

Abstract:

As an indispensable part of the city, urban nature is the important material carrier of city memory. Based on the data from web texts, interviews and photo ratings, this paper adopts the method of NVivo analysis to analyze the case of urban rivers in Guangzhou from the perspective of material geography, and discusses the interaction mechanism between the social construction of urban nature and urban memory. The analysis shows that the function of urban natural resources has changed with the development of social and economic conditions, and has evolved through the mutual penetration of human practices and social systems. Specifically, this paper indicates that the social construction of nature, to a great extent, has reflected not only the evolution of urban functions and material forms, but also the way of material utilization and its relationship with urban culture. In addition, the interaction between urban residents and rivers has been a way of cultural production. In this process, urban rivers have been the material carrier of local culture to maintain the sense of place. Moreover, this paper points out that the urban rivers have been an important material field where urban memory is produced by urban residents with their physical practices. In this way, urban memory could be inherited and preserved. From the perspective of material geography, this study highlights the social construction process of natural resources, reconsiders the interactive relationship between human beings and natural resources, and re-thinks the ways for tackling the relations between urban development and natural resources. Accordingly, this paper responds empirically from the perspective of cultural geography from "materialism" to "cultural representation" and then goes back to "re-materialism", as the review of the two core concepts of "material" and "culture". In practical terms, this paper discusses the interaction between urban residents and urban nature, which provides some reference for building a healthy city and for the development of urban reproduction.

Key words: the social construction of nature, material geography, urban memory, urban river, visual methods