Changes of consumption patterns and spatio-temporal fix of tourism resorts: A case study on Haitang Bay of Sanya in China
HU Xianyang1,2(),BAO Jigang1()
1. Centre for Tourism Planning & Research, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China; 2. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
The imbalance between hotel supply and demand caused by anti-corruption policy has not attracted enough attention in academia. By introducing the concept of 'spatio-temporal fix' and the role of tourism within it, this paper proposes a general analytical framework to interpret the strategies adopted by the hotels and the local government to cope with the changes of tourists' consumption behavior. The framework of 'spatio-temporal fix' can be divided into economic dimension and non-economic dimension in the Chinese context. The economic dimension encompasses spatial fix and temporal fix. In Haitang Bay, spatial fix mainly includes geographical expansion and geographical restructuring, and temporal fix refers to 'switching' from the secondary circuit of capital accumulation towards the tertiary circuits. As for the non-economic dimension, the local government usually plays a key role within the development of spatio-temporal ?xes to capital. The government has pursued spatio-temporal ?xes to capital through up-scaling and down-scaling strategies: (1) by transforming the class interest of hotels and the local government into a general interest through the ideological machine of the state; (2) through urban strategies that have shaped and legitimatized the territorial manifestation production of tourism places of this capital ?xation; and (3) by promoting a set of regulations and devolution that have encouraged the moments of 'switching' and 'expansion' through tourism. Yet, some of the government's actions have disturbed the market order, which even have caused the deeper underlying troubles. In addition, there is a close relationship between the concepts of spatio-temporal fix and rescaling. Changes of tourism consumption lead to capital overaccumulation crises. The government's rescaling categories exert an important impact on the switch and expansion of capital. This paper improves the framework of spatio-temporal fix and illustrates how political and economic changes have reshaped the coastal landscape.
. 消费转型背景下度假型旅游地时空修复——基于三亚海棠湾的案例研究[J]. 地理学报,
2018, 73(12): 2452-2467.
. Changes of consumption patterns and spatio-temporal fix of tourism resorts: A case study on Haitang Bay of Sanya in China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica,
2018, 73(12): 2452-2467.
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