地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (12): 2409-2422.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201812010

• 城市与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城镇职工基本养老保险基金区域差异及影响机理

李琼1,2(),周宇1,张蓝澜3,吴雄周1,晁楠1   

  1. 1. 吉首大学商学院,吉首 416000
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所吉首大学院士专家工作站,吉首 416000
    3. 长沙理工大学经济管理学院,长沙 410004
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-17 出版日期:2018-12-14 发布日期:2018-12-14
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41761029);国家社会科学基金项目(15BSH122);湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(17YBX029)

Regional disparities and the influence mechanism within China's urban employees' basic endowment insurance funds

LI Qiong1,2(),ZHOU Yu1,ZHANG Lanlan3,WU Xiongzhou1,CHAO Nan1   

  1. 1. Jishou University Business School, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China
    2. Research Institute of Geoscience and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jishou University Academician's Expert Workstation, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China
    3. Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha 410081, China
  • Received:2018-05-17 Online:2018-12-14 Published:2018-12-14
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41761029;National Social Science Foundation of China, No.15BSH122;Hunan Provincial Fund for Philosophy and Social Sciences, No.17YBX029

摘要:

缩小地区差距,实现基本养老保险全国统筹,有利于增进人民福祉、促进社会公平以及提升人民的幸福感。基于2007-2016年中国31省(市、自治区)面板数据,运用泰尔指数、探索性空间数据分析及地理探测器等方法,研究中国城镇职工基本养老保险基金区域差异和影响机理。研究表明:① 城镇职工基本养老保险基金支出总体和带间泰尔指数稳步下降,带内泰尔指数逐年上升;② 城镇职工基本养老保险基金累计结余空间分布差异明显。高值区和次高值区主要分布在东部地区,次低和低水平主要分布在西部地区和东北地区。③ GDP、参保人数、制度赡养率等7因素对基本养老保险基金区域差异影响大。同时,各因子叠加后影响体现为非线性增加或双因子增强。为此,应坚持统筹区域社会经济协调的发展理念,夯实缴费基数,确保应保尽保,分步推进基本养老保险全国统筹。

关键词: 城镇职工基本养老保险, 基金, 区域差异, 影响机理

Abstract:

The reduction of regional disparities and the national co-ordination of basic endowment insurance funds will help to improve well-being, promote social equity and enhance happiness. This study engages with panel data obtained from 31 provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) that was extracted during the period 2007-2016. Regional disparities and the influence mechanisms of China's urban employees' basic endowment insurance funds will be studied by using the Theil index, exploratory spatial data analysis and geographic detectors. The research shows that: (1) the total expenditure of urban employees' basic endowment insurance funds and the between-region Theil index steadily decrease while the within-region Terre index increases on a yearly basis; (2) the accumulated balances of urban employees' basic endowment insurance funds follow significantly different spatial distributions. High-value and sub-high-value areas are mainly located in the eastern region, while second-low-value and low-value areas are mainly located in the western and northeastern regions; (3) seven factors are also identified, including Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the number of subscriptions and institutional support rate that can greatly affect regional disparities in basic endowment insurance funds. In addition, the imposition of various factors are reflected as nonlinear increase or double factor enhancement. We should therefore adhere to coordinated regional socio-economic development, reinforce the contribution base, provide guarantees to those who have qualified and promote the incremental emergence of a national co-ordination of basic endowment insurance funds.

Key words: urban employees' basic endowment insurance, funds, regional disparities, influence mechanism