地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (12): 2269-2281.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201812001

• 政治地理与全球海运研究 •    下一篇

中国政治地理学的学术谱系

刘云刚1(),安宁2,王丰龙3,4()   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
    2. 广州大学人文地理与城市发展研究中心,广州 510006
    3. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    4. 华东师范大学城市发展研究院,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-12 出版日期:2018-12-14 发布日期:2018-12-14
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571130, 41271165, 41601144, 41701149)

The outline and genealogy of Chinese pilitical geography

LIU Yungang1(),AN Ning2,WANG Fenglong3,4()   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Southern China Normal University,Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. Centre for Human Geography and Urban Development, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    3. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    4. Institute of Urban Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2017-10-12 Online:2018-12-14 Published:2018-12-14
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571130, No.41271165, No.41601144, No.41701149

摘要:

本文从中西方比较的视角,探讨了中国政治地理学的学术谱系特征,对中国政治地理学的未来发展路径进行了展望。本文认为,以西方政治地理学的发展脉络为背景,中国政治地理学的发展可概括为萌芽期、停滞期和复兴期3个阶段;当前政治地理学在中国的研究基础已经建立起来,但仍具有离散的特征。总体而言,中国政治地理学的研究主体包括探讨军事战略、外交政策的“地缘政治学者”和地理学者中关注政治要素的“兼业政治地理学者”,这两者存在部分的交集;在中国政治地理学发展的过程中,形成了以张其昀、鲍觉民、李旭旦、张文奎、王恩涌等学者为首的几个谱系,但总体而言政治地理学在中国仍然主要受到外源性理论影响,学科的概念和方法体系仍不完善,在此背景下的研究共识形成、学术共同体和学科知识体系构建仍是今后亟待解决的课题。结合这一思路,本文提出了更为均衡的中国政治地理学发展建议。

关键词: 政治地理学, 学术谱系, 外源性, 内生性, 中国

Abstract:

This paper outlines the development trajectory and genealogical features of political geography in contemporary China. It first maps the development of political geography in Western academia and summarizes the genealogical characteristics of Western political geography. Taking the Western political geography as a baseline, it then discusses the establishment and development of political geography in contemporary China and divides this process into three stages since the founding of new China: the germination period, the stagnant period, and the revival period. Based on the work of extant (typical) scholars, related studies and relevant genealogical developments in each stage, this paper explores the main genealogical characteristics of political geography in China. Five major branches are extracted, which are respectively represented by Zhang Qiyun, Bao Juemin, Li Xudan, Zhang Wenkui and Wang Enyong. On this basis, this paper studies the similarity and difference between Chinese and Western political geography by focusing on their developing trajectories and features. This paper argues that: the development of political geography in China has been long influenced by the exogenous theories and notions and for this reason there is an apparent binary division between exogenous and endogenous political geography theories in China; the methodology, concepts and systems of this sub-discipline are still insufficient, and establishment of a unified academic community and the construction of subject knowledge system is therefore urgently needed. Finally, this paper proposes an agenda for future Chinese political geographical studies and calls for a more balanced and locally rooted Chinese political geography.

Key words: political geography, academic genealogy, exogenous, endogenous, China