The outline and genealogy of Chinese pilitical geography
LIU Yungang1(),AN Ning2,WANG Fenglong3,4()
1. School of Geography, Southern China Normal University,Guangzhou 510631, China 2. Centre for Human Geography and Urban Development, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China 3. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China 4. Institute of Urban Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
This paper outlines the development trajectory and genealogical features of political geography in contemporary China. It first maps the development of political geography in Western academia and summarizes the genealogical characteristics of Western political geography. Taking the Western political geography as a baseline, it then discusses the establishment and development of political geography in contemporary China and divides this process into three stages since the founding of new China: the germination period, the stagnant period, and the revival period. Based on the work of extant (typical) scholars, related studies and relevant genealogical developments in each stage, this paper explores the main genealogical characteristics of political geography in China. Five major branches are extracted, which are respectively represented by Zhang Qiyun, Bao Juemin, Li Xudan, Zhang Wenkui and Wang Enyong. On this basis, this paper studies the similarity and difference between Chinese and Western political geography by focusing on their developing trajectories and features. This paper argues that: the development of political geography in China has been long influenced by the exogenous theories and notions and for this reason there is an apparent binary division between exogenous and endogenous political geography theories in China; the methodology, concepts and systems of this sub-discipline are still insufficient, and establishment of a unified academic community and the construction of subject knowledge system is therefore urgently needed. Finally, this paper proposes an agenda for future Chinese political geographical studies and calls for a more balanced and locally rooted Chinese political geography.
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. The outline and genealogy of Chinese pilitical geography[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica,
2018, 73(12): 2269-2281.
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地缘政治学以地理的视角探讨国际关系,极大地影响了世界政治发展历程。全球化、信息化的浪潮中,地缘政治在国际舞台复兴,成为全球格局解读和政策制定的重要学科。科学认识和总结国际地缘政治学最新发展是推进学科发展的前提。以Web of Science中地缘政治的学术论文为依据,借助于科学计量工具,系统回顾了1996-2015年地缘政治学的发展脉络,揭示了地缘政治学发展的基本规律,剖析了国际地缘政治学的重点研究领域和研究转向。从文献计量统计分析来看,近年来在政治地理及地理学相关期刊发表的论文数量不断增加;地缘政治全球高引用文章重点关注了国家与边境的地缘政治诠释、批判性地缘政治学、情感地缘政治、女性主义地缘政治等主题。在上述分析的基础上,重点回顾了边境与领土空间、全球化下的地缘文化与经济、热点区域与中国模式、资源冲突与生态政治、价值情感与文化的地缘政治学分支领域研究趋势。通过文献系统回顾发现,国际地缘政治学的研究出现了如下趋势：后冷战时代中,国家、边境等仍为地缘政治的核心研究方向;地缘政治在进一步强调地理重要性的同时,也出现了向批判性地缘政治,尤其是从人本主义（情感地缘政治、女性地缘政治）对传统地缘政治进行反思的转变。最后提出,中国地缘政治界应强化地理空间与尺度的重要性,采用叙述、过程等多元方法,并融入人本主义的思想,来进一步丰富地缘政治研究的理论与实践。
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