地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (4): 577-588.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201704002

• 理论探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理学本体论:内涵、性质与理论价值

刘凯1(), 汤茂林2, 刘荣增1, 秦耀辰3   

  1. 1. 河南财经政法大学资源与环境学院,郑州 450002
    2. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    3. 河南大学黄河中下游地理数字技术教育部重点实验室,开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-28 修回日期:2017-01-02 出版日期:2017-04-20 发布日期:2017-05-09
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘凯(1972-), 男, 河南泌阳人, 博士, 副教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110010179M), 主要从事地理学哲学、地理信息科学与城市区域发展研究。E-mail: liukai106@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目(15YJA720003)

On the connotation, nature and theoretical value ofontology of geography

Kai LIU1(), Maolin TANG2, Rongzeng LIU1, Yaochen QIN3   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environment Science, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450002, China
    2. School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for Middle and LowerYellow River Regions, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
  • Received:2016-09-28 Revised:2017-01-02 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-05-09
  • Supported by:
    Fund for Humanities and Social Science Research Project of the Ministry of Education of China, No.15YJA720003

摘要:

科学哲学研究表明,本体论问题的探讨对于具体学科的科学哲学研究和理论研究都具有重要意义。本文界定了地理学本体论的内涵,讨论了地理学方法论、本体论和地理学哲学的关系,比较和分析了哲学本体论与地理学本体论之间的联系和区别,阐述了地理学本体论的性质,概括了地理学本体论的理论价值。地理学本体论包括两个层面:地理学家和地理学流派的哲学本体论观念、地理学理论的本体论承诺,地理学家的本体论影响和决定着地理学家的认识论、方法论和价值论选择,而某个地理学理论的本体论承诺则是该理论得以成立的前提和基础。

关键词: 地理学, 科学哲学, 本体论, 多元化, 方法论, 理论价值

Abstract:

Research on the contemporary philosophy of science shows that discussion of the ontological problem is of fundamental significance for the study of the philosophy of science and theory of a certain specific discipline. Natural and social sciences researches are inseparable from the philosophical guidance. The philosophy of geography is the ideological basis of geography. The traditional philosophy of geography is methodology-oriented, which usually lays emphasis on "logical structure of explanation of geography", and ignores the discussion of its ontology. This article, in the context of philosophy of science, explores the relationships among methodology, ontology and philosophy of geography, defines the connotations of geographical ontology, analyzes the links and differences between philosophical ontology and scientific ontology of geography, clarifies the nature of geographical ontology, and summaries its theoretical values. The ontology of geography does not only involve the philosophically ontological belief of geographers and geographical schools but also the ontological commitment of the theory of geography. As different geographers hold different philosophical viewpoints, their ontological beliefs are different; and one geographical theory holds an ontological commitment of "what there is to be", and thus the nature and kinds of objectives referred to by the theory are determined. The ontological beliefs of geographers determine their epistemology, methodology and axiology, and the ontological commitment of a geographical theory is the premise and basis of the theory to be constructed.

Key words: geography, philosophy of science, ontology, pluralism, methodology, theoretical value