地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (10): 1581-1605.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201510004

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国环境规制、地理区位与企业生产率增长

黄志基1,2(), 贺灿飞1,2(), 杨帆1,2, 周沂1,2   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 北京大学-林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2014-11-17 修回日期:2015-06-06 出版日期:2015-10-20 发布日期:2015-11-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄志基(1981-), 男, 福建龙岩人, 博士, 主要研究方向为经济地理与区域发展。E-mail: zjhuang@pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家杰出青年科学基金项目(41425001);国家自然科学基金项目(41271130)

Environmental regulation, geographic location and growth of firms' productivity in China

Zhiji HUANG1,2(), Canfei HE1,2(), Fan YANG1,2, Yi ZHOU1,2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2014-11-17 Revised:2015-06-06 Online:2015-10-20 Published:2015-11-13
  • Supported by:
    National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, No.41425001;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271130

摘要:

环境规制对企业生产率的影响是当前学术界的研究热点,但基于地理区位视角的研究较少。应用中国环境规制地理空间数据和微观企业数据,实证分析了环境规制空间差异与环境规制空间相关性对企业生产率的影响。结果表明,环境规制空间差异与企业生产率之间存在显著的倒U型关系;环境规制空间相关性作用显著,邻近城市环境规制提升有利于本城市企业生产率增长;环境规制对生产效率高的企业具有显著促进作用,但对生产效率低的企业影响不明显;不同的地理区位,环境规制对企业生产率的影响不同,相对于中西部地区,东部地区环境规制促进企业生产率增长的作用更为显著。本文揭示了在地理区位视角下,针对环境规制对企业生产率的影响,“成本假说”和“波特假说”具有各自的解释空间。

关键词: 环境规制, 地理区位, 企业生产率, 波特假说, 中国

Abstract:

The impact of environmental regulations on firms' productivities is a hot topic at present, but little attention has been paid to the geographic location aspect. As the literature show two kinds of theories named "Cost hypothesis" and "Porter hypothesis" according to the impact of environmental regulations on firms' productivities, this paper empirically analyzes the influences of spatial difference and interdependence of environmental regulations on firms' productivity based geographic data and micro-firm-level data for the period of 2004-2007. Our results show that spatial difference of environmental regulations has a significant impact on firms' total factor productivity with an inverted U-shaped relationship. That is to say, appropriate intensity of environmental regulations could promote firms' productivities, but if the environmental regulations are too intensive, firms' productivity might decrease. The effect of spatial correlation of environmental regulation is significant. The environmental regulation of neighborhoods can promote the productivity of firms in native city. Environmental regulation has a significant impact on the firms with high efficiency, but no significant influence on firms with low efficiency. Besides, the impact of environmental regulation on productivity of pollution-intensive firms is variant according to geographic location. The promotion of environmental regulation on firms' productivity is stronger in the eastern region than in the central and western regions. Our research suggests different mechanisms for the Cost hypothesis and Porter hypothesis in the context of geographic location. The governments shall make different regulations in different parts of the country instead of one policy.

Key words: environmental regulation, geographic location, firms' productivity, Porter hypothesis, China