地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (10): 1539-1551.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201510001

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地理科学的价值与地理学者的情怀

陆大道()   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-17 修回日期:2015-09-21 出版日期:2015-10-20 发布日期:2015-11-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陆大道(1940-), 男, 安徽桐城人, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 中国地理学会会员(S110001709H), 主要从事生产力布局、国土开发、区域发展和城镇化问题研究。E-mail: ludd@igsnrr.ac.cn

The value of geographical science and the feelings of geographers

Dadao LU()   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-07-17 Revised:2015-09-21 Online:2015-10-20 Published:2015-11-13

摘要:

本文强调了前辈地理学家提出的关于地理学是介于自然科学和社会科学之间的交叉学科的观点。从中国国家需求及当代国际地理学的发展趋势,从理论与实践的结合上论述了地理科学的学科对象、学科性质及区域性、综合性、知识结构等方面的特点,特别突出地阐述了地理科学与纯自然科学或纯社会科学的诸多不同点。提倡地理学家要十分关注中国的环境变化及带来的严重的可持续发展问题,并发挥综合和交叉研究的优势。此外还指出中国地理学面临着重要的发展机遇,也出现了深刻的危机。

关键词: 地理科学, 交叉学科, 区域性与本土性, 机遇与危机

Abstract:

This paper focuses on the viewpoint proposed by predecessors of geography and they believed that geography is interdiscipline subject between natural science and social science. From the perspective of national demand and development trend of international geography, this paper explains the objects and nature of geographical science and characters of region as well as comprehensive characteristics and knowledge structure. Besides, it elaborates the differences among geography, natural science and social science and advocates that geographers should concentrate on the China's environmental changes and the issues of sustainable development and further fulfil the advantages of interdiscipline and comprehensive subject. Finally, this paper proposes that China's geographical science is faced with the significant opportunities and some deep-seated crises.

Key words: geographical science, interdiscipline subject, regional and local character, opportunity and crisis