地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (3): 431-446.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201503007

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中国喀斯特天坑研究起源、进展与展望

税伟1(), 陈毅萍1, 王雅文2, 苏正安3, 张素3   

  1. 1. 福州大学环境与资源学院,福州 350116
    2. 四川农业大学资源与环境学院,成都 611130
    3. 中国科学院山地灾害与环境研究所,成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-22 修回日期:2014-12-12 出版日期:2015-03-20 发布日期:2015-06-14
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:税伟(1974-), 男, 四川射洪人, 博士后, 教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110008329M), 主要从事土地利用/覆被变化与生态效应和乡村地理学研究。E-mail: shuiweiman@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401313);宜宾市重点科技项目(200903029)

Origination, study progress and prospect of karst tiankeng research in China

Wei SHUI1(), Yiping CHEN1, Yawen WANG2, Zheng'an SU3, Su ZHANG3   

  1. 1. College of Environment and Resources, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
    3. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2014-10-22 Revised:2014-12-12 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-06-14
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41401313;The Key Science and Technology Project of Yibin City, No.200903029

摘要:

喀斯特天坑是20世纪末首先在中国南方峰丛和峰林喀斯特地区中发现的一种特殊且宏大的地表负地形,由于具有独特的科学价值和旅游价值,自被发现以来便引起了国内外地貌学者和地质学者的高度关注。对于喀斯特天坑(tiankeng)能否显著区别于其它普通漏斗,而成为一种独立的喀斯特地貌类型,国内外学者已从形态学、成因学、演化发生学等方面进行了深入探究,但仍未取得完全共识。国内外学者在其分类、形成与演化机制、发育条件、地质年代判定、岩溶生态环境等一系列问题上,也进行了较深入的探讨与激烈的争论。同时,对于喀斯特天坑价值的讨论以及开发与保护方面的研究也正引起国内外学者越来越多的关注。为此,论文围绕中国喀斯特天坑的研究阶段、研究进展、价值和开发与保护等主要议题进行了系统性的梳理与评述,进而提出中国喀斯特天坑当前研究中存在的问题和未来的研究方向。

关键词: 喀斯特, 天坑, 起源, 进展, 展望, 中国

Abstract:

Karst tiankeng, which was discovered in peak cluster and hoodoo karst areas of southern China at the end of the 20th century, is a very special and grand negative karst landform. Karst tiankeng in China has been paid more attention by geomorphologists and geologists all over the world since it was discovered to have its unique values in aspects of scientific research, world natural heritage sites and global geological heritage and tourism. Until now, according to classification method of morphology, geomorphogeny and geomorphic evolution, it has been disputed for a long time whether karst tiankeng can be significantly distinguished from normal dolines. Additionally, the understanding of the classification, geomorphic evolution, developmental conditions, geological dating, and karst ecological environment of tiankeng are still extensively disputed by geomorphologists and geologists.Meanwhile, a growing recognition of the values and the development and protection methods has been received all over the world. This paper reviews the research stages and present progress, as well as the values and the development and protection methods of karst tiankeng in China. Finally, we point out some questions in the studies of karst tiankeng in China and research directions to be paid more attention in the further studies.

Key words: karst, tiankeng, origination, study progress, research prospect, China