地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (4): 515-527.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201504001

• •    下一篇

中国城市群科学选择与分级发展的争鸣及探索

方创琳1(), 毛其智2, 倪鹏飞3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 清华大学建筑学院,北京 100875
    3. 中国社会科学院城市与竞争力研究中心,北京 100037
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-28 修回日期:2015-03-12 出版日期:2015-04-20 发布日期:2015-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:方创琳(1966-), 男, 甘肃庆阳人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员, 中国地理学会人文地理专业委员会主任, 主要从事城市发展与规划研究, 主编出版专著20部, 发表论文330余篇。E-mail: fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(13&ZD027);国家自然科学基金项目(41371177)

Discussion on the scientific selection and development of China's urban agglomerations

Chuanglin FANG1(), Qizhi MAO2, Pengfei NI3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Research Center of City and Competitiveness, CASS, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2015-01-28 Revised:2015-03-12 Published:2015-04-20 Online:2015-04-20
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China, No.13&ZD027;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371177

摘要:

城市群作为国家参与全球竞争与国际分工的全新地域单元,是中国新型工业化和新型城镇化发展到较高阶段的产物,是“一带一路”建设的主战场,因而在推进国家新型城镇化和经济社会发展中具有举足轻重的战略地位。城市群的发展不仅主宰着国家经济发展的命脉,也主导着中国新型城镇化的未来。但中国城市群在选择与培育过程中出现了一系列亟待解决的现实问题,需要从科学角度提出推进城市群健康发展的技术路径和科学方案。基于这一意图,中国地理学会、中国城市百人论坛和中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所于2014年12月20日联合举办了首届《中国城市群发展高层论坛》。通过近100位专家激烈的辩论、争鸣与思考,一致认为:城市群在国家新型城镇化中占据主体地位并发挥重要作用,城市群的研究与发展是一个复杂科学问题和漫长过程,是一个自然自需过程,不能违背客观规律;城市群基本内涵和空间识别范围标准存在着激烈争论与思考,政策空间层面的城市群和学术空间层面的城市群有着不同的利益导向和价值取向;城市群选择和培育中存在着“滥圈滥划、扩容贪大、拔苗助长、无中生有、拼凑成群”等一系列亟待解决的“城市群病”;未来中国城市群空间格局正在形成不同的组织方案;不同发育程度的城市群存在着不同的问题和不同的发展模式,如京津冀城市群的协同发展优化模式、长江三角洲城市群的扩围模式、珠江三角洲城市群的“两条腿”并行模式、辽中南城市群的空间整合模式、哈长城市群的“井”字型空间组织模式、中原城市群的战略整合模式、关中城市群的均衡组织模式等。

关键词: 城市群, 科学选择, 分级发展, 争鸣与探索, 中国

Abstract:

As a country's brand-new geographical unit in global competition and international division of labor, urban agglomeration is the product of China's new industrialization and urbanization in a higher stage, as well as the main battlefield of the "One Belt and One Road" project. Meanwhile, the development of urban agglomerations dominates not only the economic arteries, but also the future of China's new urbanization. Hence, it is of great strategic significance to promoting China's new urbanization and socio-economic development. However, a series of problems have emerged in the selection and cultivation process of China's urban agglomerations, which needs appropriate technological paths and plans to facilitate the healthy development of China's urban agglomerations from the scientific point of view. Therefore, the "High-Level Forum on China's Urban Agglomeration Development", jointly organized by the Geographical Society of China, the China's City Forum of Hundred Experts, and the Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, was held in Beijing on December 20, 2014. After a series of heated debates, contention and discussion, nearly 100 experts attending the forum agreed that: (1) urban agglomeration plays an important role and dominates China's new urbanization. The research and development of urban agglomerations is a complex scientific issue and a very long process, as well as a natural process which cannot go against the objective laws; (2) there is a fierce debate and discussion on the basic connotation and standards of spatial recognition range, the benefit and value orientation are different at the policy level and academic level; (3) during the selection and cultivation process, "urban agglomeration disease", such as indiscriminating enclosure, unlimited sprawl, spoiling cities by excessive enthusiasm, create something out of nothing and throwing cities together in groups, should be solved as soon as possible; (4) different organization plans for the future spatial pattern of China's urban agglomerations are forming; (5) distinctive development patterns and problems do exist among urban agglomerations with different development levels, for example, the collaborative development optimization mode of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration, the expansion mode of the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration, the parallel development mode of the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration, the spatial integration mode of Central and Southern Liaoning urban agglomeration, the intersecting parallels ("#") space pattern of Harbin-Changchun urban agglomeration, the strategic integration mode of Central Plains urban agglomeration, and the balanced organization mode of Guanzhong urban agglomeration.

Key words: urban agglomeration, scientific selection, hierarchical development, contention and exploration, China