地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (10): 1533-1546.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201410012

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广州日本移民族裔经济的形成及其社会空间特征

刘云刚(), 陈跃   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室, 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-19 修回日期:2014-06-12 出版日期:2014-10-20 发布日期:2014-12-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘云刚 (1973-), 男, 内蒙古呼和浩特市人, 教授, 博士, 中国地理学会会员 (S110005141M), 主要研究方向为城市地理学、政治地理学、生活空间论。E-mail: liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目 (41271165, 41130747);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目 (12YJAGJW007)

Global economy, local landscape: Study on the ethnic economy of Japanese expatriates in Guangzhou City

Yungang LIU(), Yue CHEN   

  1. School of Geography Sciences and Planning, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China
  • Received:2013-09-19 Revised:2014-06-12 Online:2014-10-20 Published:2014-12-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271165, No.41130747;The MOE Layout Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences, No.12YJAGJW007

摘要:

伴随着改革开放的深入,在华外国人也日益增多。其中部分开始由短期滞在转向长期居留,日本人为典型之一。外国人居留模式的变化,对中国城市经济社会及空间景观带来前所未有的诸多影响,族裔经济的出现即是其中一个主要特征。本文在此背景下,运用实地调查、问卷与半结构化访谈等方法,实证了在广州日本移民族裔经济的形成,探讨了其规模、行业分布、形成过程及运作模式,通过案例剖析揭示了新时期在华日本移民族裔经济的基本特征及其社会经济影响。研究发现,在广州日本族裔经济体系业已形成,并且其仍在发展壮大之中。广州的日本移民对族裔经济依赖度高,族裔经济不仅是其生活的支撑,同时也是保持族裔身份认同的工具。广州日本族裔经济具有自我服务、本地植根的特征,同时族裔经济的发展在空间上也带来族裔景观,如广州的天河北地区即是一例。这些变化给中国的国际化城市建设和移民管理带来了新的课题。

关键词: 高端移民, 族裔经济, 族裔CBD, 日本人, 广州

Abstract:

Since the implementation of reform and opening up policy, with the prosperous economy, more and more overseas immigrants, especially high-skilled expatriates from developed countries, have come to China fighting for their "Chinese Dream", which has exerted a subtle influence on the economy, society, space and landscape of the host city. This paper intends to examine the ethnic economy Japanese expatriates developed, by means of on-the-spot investigation, questionnaire survey, in-depth interview and so on. For one thing, it sheds light on the quantity and size of the ethnic economy. For another, trying to find out its distribution in industry, space and some special industry chains is also an important content of the paper. By some case studies, this paper tries to reveal the economic situation and its influence on foreign immigrants in Chinese cities in the new era. The study shows that, with some complete industry chains, the ethnic economy can be characterized as high-end, wider coverage, self-serving and rooted in local areas. Japanese expatriates in Guangzhou rely extremely on it for their daily needs and they appear to be isolated from the local society. Actually, ethnic economy not only serves Japanese's daily needs, but also has become a tool for Japanese to maintain their identity, which has promoted the growth of expatriate CBD in Guangzhou. These changes have brought about new topics for the internationalization of cities and the managements and services for immigrants.

Key words: high-skilled expatriates, ethnic economy, expatriate CBD, Japanese expatriates, Guangzhou City